Complete all in One Himachal Pradesh Static GK 2021 Download PDF

Himachal Pradesh Static GK 2021 pdf - Complete Static GK of Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh Static GK 2021 pdf - Complete Static GK of Himachal Pradesh 

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[PAGE INDEX]
1. History
2. Geographical Structure
3. Mountain Peaks
4. Passes
5. Hill Stations
6. Rivers
7. Lakes
8. National Parks
9. Dams
10. Water Falls
11. Administrative Structure
12. Museums
13. Railway Station
14. Airports
15. Languages
16. Religion
17. Nickname of the City
18. Arts & Culture

19. Folk Dances
20. Festivals
21. Tribal Groups
22. Stadiums
23. Economy
24. Hydroelectric Power Projects
25. Education
26. Heritage Sites
27. Wild Life Sanctuaries
28. Bird Sanctuaries

History

History of Himachal Pradesh

The Major historical event in Himachal Pradesh state was the Attack on Mahmud Ghazni in 1009 AD, who had looted the wealth from the temples in North India. In the year 1043 AD the Rajputs ruled over the territory. Let us check out the major Historical events of Himachal Pradesh. 

S.NoDescriptionAnswer
1.Founded in1948
2.Became a Union Territory on1 November 1956
3.Also Known AsDevbhumi
4.Ruled ByRajput, Sansar Chand, Maharaja Ranjit Singh
5.Major Historical EventsThe Himachal Pradesh region has also witnessed the invasion of Mahmud Ghazni in 1009 AD

Geographical Structure

Himachal Pradesh state is situated in the western Himalayas. It is a mountainous state. The drainage system is mostly comprised of rivers and glaciers. Below in this table, we have described all the essential Geographical Structures of Himachal Pradesh you must know if you want to clear HPSSC and HPTET or any state-level government jobs.

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1.Total Area55,673 square kilometres (21,495 sq mi)
2.Population6,864,602
3.The rank of the stateArea wise:- 18th
Population wise:- 21st
4.Population Density123/km2 (320/sq mi)
5.State Bounded ByJammu & Kashmir on North Punjab on the west Haryana on the south-west Uttrakhand on the southeast
6.Soil & Major Mineral Black soil
Laterite soil
Minerals
  Lead Zinc Gold (in Bilaspur, Kangra, Mandi and Kinnaur District ) Mica
7.Major CropsWheat Rice Maize Barley
8.Forest Area14696km2
9.Climatevaries from hot and subhumid tropical to cold
10.Major Florapine Himalayan oak Apple
11.Major FaunaTibetan antelope black and brown bears musk deer

Mountain Peaks

Mountains in Himachal Pradesh

Name of the peakAltitude (meters)Location
Shilla7,025Kinnaur
Reo Purgyil6,816Kinnaur
Gya6,794Lahaul and Spiti
Leo Pargial / Reo Purgyil North Peak6,791Kinnaur
Ninjeri6,646Kinnaur
Undung Kangri6,642Lahaul and Spiti
Parvati Parvat6,632Lahaul and Spiti, Kullu
Manirang6,597Kinnaur, Lahaul and Spiti
Granite Peak6,585Kinnaur
Rangrik Rang6,553Kinnaur
Kullu Pumori6,553Lahaul and Spiti
Mulkila6,520Lahaul and Spiti
Jorkanden6,473Kinnaur
Menthosa6,443Chamba
Papsura6,440Kullu, Lahaul and Spiti
Dharamsala6,420Kullu, Lahaul and Spiti
Gyagar6,400Lahaul and Spiti
Dibibokri Pyramid6,400Kullu
Gyephang6,400Lahaul and Spiti
Phawarang6,350Kinnaur
Kangla Tarbo 16,315Lahaul and Spiti
Chau Chau Kang Nilda6,303Lahaul and Spiti
Baihali Jot6,295Lahaul and Spiti, Chamba
Gang Chua6,288Kinnaur
Shigrila6,230Lahaul and Spiti
Indrasan6,220Kullu
Shikar Beh6,200Lahaul and Spiti, Kangra
Ramabang6,135Lahaul and Spiti
Mount Yunum (mountain)6,111
Mukar Beh6,070Lahaul and Spiti, Kangra
Gepang Goh6,050Lahaul and Spiti
Shipki6,068Kinnaur
Kinnaur Kailash6,050Kinnaur
Sanakdeik Jot6,045Chamba, Lahaul and Spiti
Deo Tibba6,001Kullu
Solang5,975Kullu
Pir Panjal5,972Chamba
Maiwa Kandinu5,944Kullu
Hanuman Tibba5,860Kullu/Kangra
Bara Kanda5,860Chamba
Pishu5,672Kinnaur, Shimla
Manimahesh Kailash5,660Chamba
Saltu Da Par5,650Lahaul and Spiti
Gushu5,607Kinnaur, Shimla
Raldang5,499Kinnaur
Shitindhar5,290Kullu
Srikhand Mahadev5,182Kullu
Thamsar5,080Chamba
Lachalunga5,060Lahaul and Spiti
Murangla5,060Lahaul and Spiti
Shringla4,999Lahaul and Spiti
Inder Kila4,940Kullu
Pin Parbati4,800Kullu
Ghoralantinu4,760Kullu/Kangra
Chanshal Peak4,520Shimla
Patalsu4,470Kullu
Gauri Devi Ka Tibba4,030Chamba
Nagru4,020Mandi
Hargaran3,850Lahaul and Spiti
Nursing Tibba3,730Chamba
Choordhar3,647Shimla/Sirmaur
Shacha3,540Kullu
Hatu Peak3,400Shimla
Shikari Devi3,359Mandi
Cholang3,270Kangra
Kuppar Peak3,250Shimla
Kamlodi Top3,100Shimla
Kamrunag3,065Mandi
Billing Top3,050Kangra
Derthu Top3,020Shimla
Devidarh2,872Mandi
Shali Tibba2,870Shimla
Nag Tikkar2,780Shimla
Prashar2,730Mandi
Winch Camp2,700Mandi

Passes

Passes in Himachal Pradesh

S.No.Name Connects
1.Rohtang PassManali and Lahul
2.Shipki LaShimla with Tibet

Hill Stations

Hill Stations in Himachal Pradesh

S.No.NameLocated in
1.ManaliKullu Valley
2.DalhousieDhauladhar range

Rivers

Rivers in Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh has the privilege of snow-fed perennial rivers and streams
flowing in almost all parts of the Pradesh.

In east

  • Yamuna
  • Tons
  • Pabbar
  • Giri

In West

  • Satluj
  • Beas
  • Ravi
  • Chenab

Lakes

Lakes in Himachal Pradesh

  • Brighu Lake
  • Dashair and Dhankar Lake
  • Kareri and Kumarwah lake
  • Khajjiar Lake
  • Macchial Lake
  • Manimahesh Lake
  • Nako Lake
  • Pandoh Lake
  • Prashar Lake
  • Renuka Lake
  • Rewalsar Lake
  • Seruvalsar and Manimahesh Lake

National Parks

National Parks in Himachal Pradesh

S.No.NameArea
1.Inderkilla National Park104 Km2
2.Great Himalayan National Park754.40 Km2
3.Khirganga National Park710 Km2
4.Pin Valley National Park807.36 Km2
5.Simbalbara National Park27.88 Km2

Dams

Dams in Himachal Pradesh

S.No.NameRiver
1.Pandoh Beas
2.Bhakra NangalSutlej
3.Nathpa Jhakri Dam Sutlej
4.Chamera Dam Ravi
5.Pong Dam Beas

Water Falls

S.No.NameDistrictHeight
1.Palani FallsKullu150 meters (490 ft)
2.Bundla FallsKangra100 meters (330 ft)

Administrative Structure

The state of Himachal Pradesh has 3 Divisions and each division is under the administrative control of the Divisional Commissioner. It has 12 Districts each under the administrative control of a District Collector. Below in the table, we have served you with the latest Administrative Structure of Himachal Pradesh. Enjoy Reading.

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1.CapitalShimla (Second capital-Dharamshala)
2.Administrative HQDharamshala
3.Chief MinistersJai Ram Thakur
4.GovernorBandaru Dattatreya
5.State AnimalSnow leopard
6.State BirdWestern Tragopan
7.State FlowerRhododendron campanulatum
8.State TreeDeodar Cedar
9.Rajaya Sabha Seats03
10.Loksabha Seats04
11.Divisions03
12.No. of District12
13.Time ZoneIST (UTC+05:30)
14.Postal Code171003 to 1772xx
15.Vehicle Code HP- XX
16.JudiciaryHimachal Pradesh High court

Museums

S.NoNameCity
1.Library of Tibetan Works and ArchivesDharamsala
2.Shivalik Fossil ParkSaketi

Railway Station

Railway in Himachal Pradesh

  • Kalka-Shimla Railway (UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN INDIA)
  • Pathankot-Jogindernagar line

Airports

Airports in Himachal Pradesh

There are only three airports in Himachal Pradesh, the following table shows its name and location.

S.No.Name Location
1.Jubbarhatti AirportShimla
2.Bhuntar AirportBhuntar
3.Gaggal AirportGaggal(Kangra district)

Languages

Languages in Himachal Pradesh

The most spoken language in Himachal Pradesh is Hindi and the other 5 different languages the below table.

S.No.LanguagePercentage
1.Hindi 85.88%
2.Punjabi 8.96%
3.Nepali  1.30%
4.Kinnauri1.20%
5.Kashmiri 0.83%
6.Others1.83%

Religion

Religion in Himachal Pradesh

S.No.ReligionPercentage
1.Hinduism 95.17%
2.Islam2.18%
3.Sikhism1.16%
4.Buddhism1.15%
5.Christianity0.18%
6.Jainism0.03%
7.Other or none0.2%

The nickname of the City

S.No.CityName
1.ShimlaThe Queen of Hills

Arts & Culture

Art & Culture in Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh is one of the states which has been untouched by the external cultures because of its tough terrain. Himachal Pradesh is full of glorious art and culture. Let us check out the Complete information about Himachal Pradesh Culture and Tradition, followed by the people of Himachal Pradesh.

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1.Traditional MusicDammama Damanght Gajju Doru Dhaunsa Nagara Dholku
2. Major FestivalKullu Dussehra Shivratri fair Shoolini Mela Chhari Yatra
3.Cuisine (Famous Food)Dham Mittha Sidu Babru Chana Madra Auriya Kaddoo or Kadoo ka Khatta Chha Gosht
4.Traditional DressMen-kurta,Dhoti, Pahadi topi
Women-Ghagris, choli, suits

Folk Dances

  • Mala (Garland) Dance
  • Demon (Rakshasa) Dance
  • Keekali
  • Bhangara

Festivals

Festivals of Himachal Pradesh

S.No.NameLocation
1.Halda festivalLahaul district
2.SazoKinnaur
3.MaghiAll over Himachal
4.Himachal Winter CarnivalManali
5.Losar FestivalThroughout Himachal
6.Doongri FestivalKullu
7.Maha ShivaratriThroughout Himachal
8.Mandi Shivaratri FairMandi
9.Nalwari FairBilaspur
10.BaisakhAll across Himachal Pradesh
11.Spring FestivalKullu
12.Phulaich Festival Kinnaur
13.Ladarcha Festival / La Darcha FairKaza, Spiti
14.Kullu Dussehra Kullu
15.International Himalayan FestivalKangra valley
16.Ice Skating Carnival Dalhousie or Shimla

Tribal Groups

Tribes in Himachal Pradesh

S.No.NameAboutFestival
1.GaddisGaddis belong to the class of the
shepherds and their job is to look
after goats and sheep
Baisakhi /Bishu,
Patroru Sagrand
2.Gujjarssemi-nomadic tribes and their main occupation is the herding of goats,
sheep and buffaloes.
Celebrate all festivals
of national significance

Stadiums

Stadiums in Himachal Pradesh

S.No.NameCitySport
1.HPCA StadiumDharamshalaCricket

Economy

Power Project of Himachal Pradesh

The Economic planning of Himachal Pradesh is started in 1951 with the implementation of the first five-year plan in India. This state ranks among the top states in terms of per capita income. Let us check out the Complete information about Himachal Pradesh Culture and Tradition, followed by the people of Himachal Pradesh. You can download Himachal Pradesh Static GK in the PDF link is given at the end of the article.

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1.State GDP1.25 trillion (US$ 18.67 billion).
2.Growth rate11.48%
3.Per capita income147,277
4.Major IndustriesTextile pharmaceuticals food procurement and processing light engineering Hydropower
5.Major ImportsWheat Rice Maize Barley
6.Major exportsApple Potatoes
7.GDP by sectorsAgriculture 13%
Industry 43%
Services 42%

Hydroelectric Power Projects

Sr No.ProjectCapacity(MW)DistrictRiverAgency
1.Nathpa Jhakri1500KinnaurSatlujSJVN Ltd.
2.Bhakra Nangal1325BilaspurSatlujBBMB
3.Karcham Wangtoo1000KinnaurSatlujJaypee Group.
4.Dehar Hydroelectric990MandiBeasBBMB
5.Jangi Thopan960KinnaurSatluj
6.Parbati II800KulluParbatiNHPC
7.Koldam800Mandi, BilaspurSatlujNTPC
8.Chamera – I540ChambaRaviNHPC
9.Parbati III520KulluParbatiNHPC
10.Yamuna Hydroelectric474Sirmaur/Dehradun(UK)YamunaUJVNL
11.Rampur412ShimlaSatlujSJVNL
12.Seli Hydroelectric400Lahul & SpitiChenabHindustan Power
13.Pong Dam1325KangraBeasBBMB
14.Chamera – II300ChambaRaviNHPC
15.Jispa300Lahul & SpitiChenabHPPCL
16.YangThang Khab261KinnaurSpiti RiverHPPCL
17.Kuther260ChambaRaviJSW Energy
18.Chamera – III231ChambaRaviNHPC
19.Allain Duhangan Hydroelectric Project192KulluAllain and DuhangAD Hydro Pvt. Ltd.
20.Baira Siul Project180ChambaBairaNHPC
21.Bajoli Holi Project180ChambaRaviGMR
22.Largi Hydroelectric Project126KulluBeasHPSEB
23.Sanjay Vidyut Pariyojna (Bhabha) Project120KinnaurBhabhaHPSEB
24.Shanan Hydroelectric Project110MandiUhlPSPCL
25.Sorang Hydroelectric Project100KulluSorangHimachal Sorang Power
26.Uhl III Project99KangraRana Neri khadBeas Valley Power
27.Malana Project86KulluMalanaMalana PCL
28.Keshang Hydroelectric Project65KinnaurSatlujHPPCL
29.Giri Hydroelectric Project60SirmaurGiriHPSEB
30.Bassi Hydroelectric Project60MandiBeasHPSEB
31.Tangnu Romai Hydroelectric Project44ShimlaPabbarTangnu Romai Power

Education

Education in Himachal Pradesh

After Independence, the literacy rate of Himachal Pradesh has gone up to 83.78% in 2011. The state government has also played a vital role in the education of the state. Himachal Pradesh is ahead of many states in terms of Education. In this table, we have served the latest Condition of Education in Himachal Pradesh.

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1.Literacy Rate83.71%
2. Male90.83%
3.Female76.60%
5.No. of School12,879 Approx
6.Affiliation BoardCBSE,ICSE,Himachal Board
7.No. of University19
8.No. of colleges354

Heritage Sites

Himachal Pradesh is famous for its heavenly hill stations. Hill stations are the major popular attraction for tourists from around the world. Tourism is also the main contributor to the Gross State Domestic Product(GSDP).

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1.Major Tourist PlacesShimla Manali Kullu Kasol
2.Major AttractionNaina Devi temple Chintpurnu Chamunda Devi Temple

Wild Life Sanctuaries

  • Bandli WLS
  • Chail WLS
  • Chandratal WLS
  • Churdhar WLS
  • Daranghati WLS
  • Dhauladhar WLS
  • Gamgul Siyabehi WLS
  • Kais WLS
  • Kalatop-Khajjiar WLS
  • Kanwar WLS
  • Khokhan WLS
  • Kibber WLS
  • Kugti WLS
  • Lippa Asrang WLS
  • Majathal WLS
  • Manali WLS
  • Nargu WLS
  • Pong Dam Lake WLS
  • Renuka WLS
  • Rupi Bhaba WLS
  • Sainj WLS
  • Sangla Valley (Rakchham Chitkul) WLS
  • Sech Tuan Nala WLS
  • Shikari Devi WLS
  • Shimla Water Catchment WLS
  • Talra WLS
  • Tirthan WLS
  • Tundah WLS

Bird Sanctuaries

S.No.NameArea
1.Himalayan Bird Park
2.Pong Dam Bird Sanctuary475 km2
3.Gobind Sagar Bird sanctuaryOver 10 hectares

Himachal Pradesh GK Important Question

Q. What is the total geographical area of Himachal Pradesh?

A. 55673 Sq. km

Q. When was Himachal constituted?

A. 15th April 1948

Q. When was Punjab Hills merged with Himachal?

A. 1st November 1966

Q. When did Himachal Pradesh achieved full statehood?

A. 25 January 1971

Q. What is the Vedic name of the river Ravi?

A. Parushani

Q. What is the Vedic name of Satluj?

A. Satudri

Q. What is the Vedic name of the river Beas?

A. Arjikya

Q. Which is the largest glacier in Asia located in Himachal?

A. Shigri La (in Lahaul-Spiti)

Q. Which pass separates Mandi from Kullu?

A. Dulachi Pass

Q. Where is the Golf Course located in Shimla?

A. Naldehra

Q. Who is popularly known as ‘Pahari Gandhi’?

A. Baba Kanshi Ram

Q. Where is Shobha Singh Art Gallery located?

A. Andreta

Q. Which tribal state is considered as the oldest tribal state of Himachal Pradesh?

A. Kutula

Q. When was Kangra attacked by Mohammad Tughlaq?

A. 1337 AD

Q. Who built the new town of Mandi?

A. Ajbar Sen

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