Himachal Pradesh Static GK 2021 for HPAS/HPPSC Exams

Himachal Pradesh Static GK 2021 for HPAS/HPPSC Exams


Himachal Pradesh Static GK 2021 for HPAS/HPPSC Exams

Dear Readers, in this post we are going to discuss about all important points related to static gk of himachal pradesh & If you are preparing for any himachal pradesh exams like HPAS, HPPSC, HP Allied Services, HP Police, HP State Co-operative Bank (HPSCB) Clerk /Steno Exams.  

HISTORY OF HIMACHAL PRADESH

The Major history event in Himachal Pradesh state was the Attack on Mahmud Ghazni in 1009 AD, who had looted the wealth from the temples in North India. In the year 1043 AD the Rajputs ruled over the territory. Let us check out the major Historical events of Himachal Pradesh. 

S.N

Description

Answer

1.

Founded in

1948

2.

Became a Union Territory on

1 November 1956

3.

Also Known As

Devbhumi

4.

Ruled By

Rajput, Sansar Chand, Maharaja Ranjit Singh

5.

Major Historical Events

The Himachal Pradesh region is also witnessed of the invasion of Mahmud Ghazni in 1009 AD


GEOGRAPHICAL STRUCTURE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH

Himachal Pradesh state is situated in the western Himalayas. It is a mountainous state. The drainage the system is mostly comprised of rivers and glaciers. Below in this table, we have described all the essential Geographical Structure Himachal Pradesh you must know if you want to clear HPSSC and HPTET or any state-level government jobs.

S.N

Description

Summary

1.

Total Area

55,673 square kilometers (21,495 sq mi)

2.

Population

6,864,602

3.

The rank of the state

Area wise:- 18th
Population wise:- 21st

4.

Population Density

123/km2 (320/sq mi)

5.

State Bounded By

Jammu & Kashmir on North Punjab on the west Haryana on the south-west Uttrakhand on the southeast

6.

Soil & Major Mineral 

Black soil / Laterite soil
Minerals Lead Zinc Gold (in Bilaspur, Kangra, Mandi and Kinnaur District ) Mica

7.

Major Crops

Wheat Rice Maize Barley

8.

Forest Area

14696km2

9.

Climate

varies from hot and sub humid tropical to cold

10.

Major Flora

pine Himalayan oak Apple

11.

Major Fauna

Tibetan antelope black and brown bears musk deer

 

MOUNTAINS IN HIMACHAL PRADESH

Name of the peak

Altitude (meters)

Location

Shilla

7,025

Kinnaur

Reo Purgyil

6,816

Kinnaur

Gya

6,794

Lahaul and Spiti

Leo Pargial / Reo Purgyil North Peak

6,791

Kinnaur

Ninjeri

6,646

Kinnaur

Undung Kangri

6,642

Lahaul and Spiti

Parvati Parvat

6,632

Lahaul and Spiti, Kullu

Manirang

6,597

Kinnaur, Lahaul and Spiti

Granite Peak

6,585

Kinnaur

Rangrik Rang

6,553

Kinnaur

Kullu Pumori

6,553

Lahaul and Spiti

Mulkila

6,520

Lahaul and Spiti

Jorkanden

6,473

Kinnaur

Menthosa

6,443

Chamba

Papsura

6,440

Kullu, Lahaul and Spiti

Dharamsura

6,420

Kullu, Lahaul and Spiti

Gyagar

6,400

Lahaul and Spiti

Dibibokri Pyramid

6,400

Kullu

Gyephang

6,400

Lahaul and Spiti

Phawarang

6,350

Kinnaur

Kangla Tarbo 1

6,315

Lahaul and Spiti

Chau Chau Kang Nilda

6,303

Lahaul and Spiti

Baihali Jot

6,295

Lahaul and Spiti, Chamba

Gang Chua

6,288

Kinnaur

Shigrila

6,230

Lahaul and Spiti

Indrasan

6,220

Kullu

Shikar Beh

6,200

Lahaul and Spiti, Kangra

Ramabang

6,135

Lahaul and Spiti

Mount Yunum (mountain)

6,111

Mukar Beh

6,070

Lahaul and Spiti, Kangra

Gepang Goh

6,050

Lahaul and Spiti

Shipki

6,068

Kinnaur

Kinnaur Kailash

6,050

Kinnaur

Sanakdeik Jot

6,045

Chamba, Lahaul and Spiti

Deo Tibba

6,001

Kullu

Solang

5,975

Kullu

Pir Panjal

5,972

Chamba

Maiwa Kandinu

5,944

Kullu

Hanuman Tibba

5,860

Kullu/Kangra

Bara Kanda

5,860

Chamba

Pishu

5,672

Kinnaur, Shimla

Manimahesh Kailash

5,660

Chamba

Saltu Da Par

5,650

Lahaul and Spiti

Gushu

5,607

Kinnaur, Shimla

Raldang

5,499

Kinnaur

Shitindhar

5,290

Kullu

Srikhand Mahadev

5,182

Kullu

Thamsar

5,080

Chamba

Lachalunga

5,060

Lahaul and Spiti

Murangla

5,060

Lahaul and Spiti

Shringla

4,999

Lahaul and Spiti

Inder Kila

4,940

Kullu

Pin Parbati

4,800

Kullu

Ghoralantinu

4,760

Kullu/Kangra

Chanshal Peak

4,520

Shimla

Patalsu

4,470

Kullu

Gauri Devi Ka Tibba

4,030

Chamba

Nagru

4,020

Mandi

Hargaran

3,850

Lahaul and Spiti

Narshing Tibba

3,730

Chamba

Choordhar

3,647

Shimla/Sirmaur

Shacha

3,540

Kullu

Hatu Peak

3,400

Shimla

Shikari Devi

3,359

Mandi

Cholang

3,270

Kangra

Kuppar Peak

3,250

Shimla

Kamlodi Top

3,100

Shimla

Kamrunag

3,065

Mandi

Billing Top

3,050

Kangra

Derthu Top

3,020

Shimla

Devidarh

2,872

Mandi

Shali Tibba

2,870

Shimla

Nag Tikkar

2,780

Shimla

Prashar

2,730

Mandi

Winch Camp

2,700

Mandi

PASSES IN HIMACHAL PRADESH

S.N.

Name

 Connects

1.

Rohtang Pass

Manali and Lahul

2.

Shipki La

Shimla with Tibet


HILL STATIONS IN HIMACHALPRADESH

S.N.

Name

Located in

1.

Manali

Kullu Valley

2.

Dalhousie

Dhauladhar range

 

RIVERS IN HIMACHAL PRADESH

Himachal Pradesh has the privilege of snow-fed perennial rivers and streams flowing in almost all parts of the Pradesh.

IN EAST

  1. Yamuna
  2. Tons
  3. Pabbar
  4. Giri

IN WEST

  1. Satluj
  2. Beas
  3. Ravi
  4. Chenab

LAKES IN HIMACHAL PRADESH

  1. Brighu Lake
  2. Dashair and Dhankar Lake
  3. Kareri and Kumarwah lake
  4. Khajjiar Lake
  5. Macchial Lake
  6. Manimahesh Lake
  7. Nako Lake
  8. Pandoh Lake
  9. Prashar Lake
  10. Renuka Lake
  11. Rewalsar Lake
  12. Seruvalsar and Manimahesh Lake

NATIONAL PARKS IN HIMACHAL PRADESH

S.N.

Name

Area

1.

Inderkilla National Park

104 Km2

2.

Great Himalayan National Park

754.40 Km2

3.

Khirganga National Park

710 Km2

4.

Pin Valley National Park

807.36 Km2

5.

Simbalbara National Park

27.88 Km2


DAMS IN HIMACHAL PRADESH

S.N.

Name

River

1.

Pandoh 

Beas

2.

Bhakra Nangal

Sutlej

3.

Nathpa Jhakri Dam 

Sutlej

4.

Chamera Dam 

Ravi

5.

Pong Dam 

Beas


WATERFALLS IN HIMACHAL PRADESH

S.N.

Name

District

Height

1.

Palani Falls

Kullu

150 metres (490 ft)

2.

Bundla Falls

Kangra

100 metres (330 ft)


ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE  OF HIMACHAL

The state Himachal Pradesh has 3 Divisions and each division is under the administrative control of the Divisional Commissioner. It has 12 Districts each under the administrative control of a District Collector. Below in table, we have served you with the latest Administrative Structure of Himachal Pradesh.

S.N.

Description

Summary

1.

Capital

Shimla (Second capital-Dharamshala)

2.

Administrative HQ

Dharamshala

3.

Chief Ministers

Jai Ram Thakur

4.

Governor

Bandaru Dattatreya

5.

State Animal

Snow leopard

6.

State Bird

Western Tragopan

7.

State Flower

Rhododendron campanulatum

8.

State Tree

Deodar Cedar

9.

Rajaya Sabha Seats

03

10.

Loksabha Seats

04

11.

Divisions

03

12.

No. of District

12

13.

Time Zone

IST (UTC+05:30)

14.

Postal Code

171003 to 1772xx

15.

Vehicle Code

 HP- XX

16.

Judiciary

Himachal Pradesh High court


MUSEUMS IN HIMACHAL PRADESH

S.N

Name

City

1.

Library of Tibetan Works and Archives

Dharamsala

2.

Shivalik Fossil Park

Saketi

RAILWAY IN HIMACHAL PRADESH

  1. Kalka-Shimla Railway (UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN INDIA)
  2. Pathankot-Joginder Nagar line

AIRPORTS IN HIMACHAL PRADESH

There are only three airports in Himachal Pradesh, the following table shows its name and location.

S.N

Name 

Location

1.

Jubbarhatti Airport

Shimla

2.

Bhuntar Airport

Bhuntar

3.

Gaggal Airport

Gaggal(Kangra district)

 

LANGUAGES IN HIMACHAL PRADESH

The most spoken language in Himachal Pradesh is Hindi and the other 5 different languages in the below table.

S.N

Language

Percentage

1.

Hindi 

85.88%

2.

Punjabi 

8.96%

3.

Nepali  

1.30%

4.

Kinnauri

1.20%

5.

Kashmiri 

0.83%

6.

Others

1.83%

 

RELIGION IN HIMACHAL PRADESH

S.N.

Religion

Percentage

1.

Hinduism 

95.17%

2.

Islam

2.18%

3.

Sikhism

1.16%

4.

Buddhism

1.15%

5.

Christianity

0.18%

6.

Jainism

0.03%

7.

Other or none

0.2%


NICKNAME OF THE CITY

S.N.

City

Name

1.

Shimla

The Queen of Hills

 

ART & CULTURE IN HIMACHAL PRADESH

S.No

Description

Summary

1.

Traditional Music

Dammama Damanght Gajju Doru Dhaunsa Nagara Dholku

2.

 Major Festival

Kullu Dussehra Shivratri fair Shoolini Mela Chhari Yatra

3.

Cuisine (Famous Food)

Dham Mittha Sidu Babru Chana Madra Auriya Kaddoo or Kadoo ka Khatta Chha Gosht

4.

Traditional Dress

Men-kurta,Dhoti, Pahadi topi
Women-Ghagris, choli, suits


FOLK DANCES IN HIMACHAL PRADESH

  1. Mala (Garland) Dance
  2. Demon (Rakshasa) Dance
  3. Keekali
  4. Bhangara

FESTIVALS OF HIMACHAL PRADESH

S.N

Name

Location

1.

Halda festival

Lahaul district

2.

Sazo

Kinnaur

3.

Maghi

All over Himachal

4.

Himachal Winter Carnival

Manali

5.

Losar Festival

Throughout Himachal

6.

Doongri Festival

Kullu

7.

Maha Shivaratri

Throughout Himachal

8.

Mandi Shivaratri Fair

Mandi

9.

Nalwari Fair

Bilaspur

10.

Baisakh

All across Himachal Pradesh

11.

Spring Festival

Kullu

12.

Phulaich Festival

 Kinnaur

13.

Ladarcha Festival / La Darcha Fair

Kaza, Spiti

14.

Kullu Dussehra

 Kullu

15.

International Himalayan Festival

Kangra valley

16.

Ice Skating Carnival

 Dalhousie or Shimla


TRIBES IN HIMACHAL PRADESH

S.N

Name

About

Festival

1.

Gaddis

Gaddis belong to the class of the shepherds and their job is to look after goats and sheep

Baisakhi /Bishu,
Patroru Sagrand

2.

Gujjars

Semi-nomadic tribes and their main occupation is herding of goats, sheep & buffaloes.

Celebrate all festivals of national significance


STADIUMS IN HIMACHAL PRADESH

S.N

Name

City

Sport

1.

HPCA Stadium

Dharamshala

Cricket


POWER PROJECT OF HIMACHAL PRADESH

The Economic planning of Himachal Pradesh is started in 1951 with the implementation of the first five-year plan in India. This state ranks among the top states in terms of per capita income. .

S.N

Description

Summary

1.

State GDP

1.25 trillion (US$ 18.67 billion).

2.

Growth rate

11.48%

3.

Per capita income

147,277

4.

Major Industries

Textile pharmaceuticals food procurement and processing light engineering Hydropower

5.

Major Imports

Wheat Rice Maize Barley

6.

Major exports

Apples Potatoes

7.

GDP by sectors

Agriculture 13%
Industry 43%
Services 42%


HYDROELECTRIC POWER PROJECTS

S. N

Project

Capacity

(MW)

District

River

Agency

1.

Nathpa Jhakri

1500

Kinnaur

Satluj

SJVN Ltd.

2.

Bhakra Nangal

1325

Bilaspur

Satluj

BBMB

3.

Karcham Wangtoo

1000

Kinnaur

Satluj

Jaypee Group.

4.

Dehar Hydroelectric

990

Mandi

Beas

BBMB

5.

Jangi Thopan

960

Kinnaur

Satluj

6.

Parbati II

800

Kullu

Parbati

NHPC

7.

Koldam

800

Mandi, Bilaspur

Satluj

NTPC

8.

Chamera – I

540

Chamba

Ravi

NHPC

9.

Parbati III

520

Kullu

Parbati

NHPC

10.

Yamuna Hydroelectric

474

Sirmaur/

Dehradun

Yamuna

UJVNL

11.

Rampur

412

Shimla

Satluj

SJVNL

12.

Seli Hydroelectric

400

Lahul & Spiti

Chenab

Hindustan Power

13.

Pong Dam

1325

Kangra

Beas

BBMB

14.

Chamera – II

300

Chamba

Ravi

NHPC

15.

Jispa

300

Lahul & Spiti

Chenab

HPPCL

16.

YangThang Khab

261

Kinnaur

Spiti River

HPPCL

17.

Kuther

260

Chamba

Ravi

JSW Energy

18.

Chamera – III

231

Chamba

Ravi

NHPC

19.

Allain Duhangan Hydroelectric Project

192

Kullu

Allain and Duhang

AD Hydro Pvt. Ltd.

20.

Baira Siul Project

180

Chamba

Baira

NHPC

21.

Bajoli Holi Project

180

Chamba

Ravi

GMR

22.

Largi Hydroelectric Project

126

Kullu

Beas

HPSEB

23.

Sanjay Vidyut Pariyojna (Bhabha) Project

120

Kinnaur

Bhabha

HPSEB

24.

Shanan Hydroelectric Project

110

Mandi

Uhl

PSPCL

25.

Sorang Hydroelectric Project

100

Kullu

Sorang

Himachal Sorang Power

26.

Uhl III Project

99

Kangra

Rana Neri khad

Beas Valley Power

27.

Malana Project

86

Kullu

Malana

Malana PCL

28.

Keshang Hydroelectric Project

65

Kinnaur

Satluj

HPPCL

29.

Giri Hydroelectric Project

60

Sirmaur

Giri

HPSEB

30.

Bassi Hydroelectric Project

60

Mandi

Beas

HPSEB

31.

Tangnu Romai Hydroelectric Project

44

Shimla

Pabbar

Tangnu Romai Power

 

EDUCATION IN HIMACHAL PRADESH

After Independence, the literacy rate of Himachal Pradesh has gone up to 83.78% in 2011. The state government has also played a vital role in the education of the state. Himachal Pradesh is ahead from many states in terms of Education. In this table, we have served the latest Condition of Education in Himachal Pradesh.

S.N

Description

Summary

1.

Literacy Rate

83.71%

2.

 Male

90.83%

3.

Female

76.60%

5.

No. of School

12,879 Approx

6.

Affiliation Board

CBSE,ICSE,Himachal Board

7.

No. of University

19

8.

No. of colleges

354


HERITAGE SITES IN HIMACHAL PRADESH

Himachal Pradesh is famous for its heavenly hill stations. Hill stations are the major popular attraction for tourists from around the world. Tourism is also the main contributor to the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP).

S.N

Description

Summary

1.

Major Tourist Places

Shimla Manali Kullu Kasol

2.

Major Attraction

Naina Devi temple Chintpurnu Chamunda Devi Temple


WILD LIFE SANCTUARIES

  1. Bandli WLS
  2. Chail WLS
  3. Chandratal WLS
  4. Churdhar WLS
  5. Daranghati WLS
  6. Dhauladhar WLS
  7. Gamgul Siyabehi WLS
  8. Kais WLS
  9. Kalatop-Khajjiar WLS
  10. Kanawar WLS
  11. Khokhan WLS
  12. Kibber WLS
  13. Kugti WLS
  14. Lippa Asrang WLS
  15. Majathal WLS
  16. Manali WLS
  17. Nargu WLS
  18. Pong Dam Lake WLS
  19. Renuka WLS
  20. Rupi Bhaba WLS
  21. Sainj WLS
  22. Sangla Valley (Rakchham Chitkul) WLS
  23. Sech Tuan Nala WLS
  24. Shikari Devi WLS
  25. Shimla Water Catchment WLS
  26. Talra WLS
  27. Tirthan WLS
  28. Tundah WLS

BIRD SANCTUARIES OF HIMACHAL PRADESH

S.N.

Name

Area

1.

Himalayan Bird Park

2.

Pong Dam Bird Sanctuary

475 km2

3.

Gobind Sagar Bird sanctuary

Over 10 hectares

 


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