All About Negotiable Instruments Act with MCQ and Answers

All About Negotiable Instruments Act with MCQ and Answers

All About Negotiable Instruments Act with MCQ and Answers

Negotiable Instruments Act and we decided to give all about it.
Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 is an act in India dating from the British colonial rule, that is still in force largely unchanged.
The Act was originally drafted in 1866 by the 3rd India Law Commission and introduced in December 1867 in the Council and it was referred to a Select Committee.

Meaning and Definition

  • A Negotiable Instrument means a promissory note, bill of exchange or cheque payable either to order or to bearer.
  • It must be freely transferable either by delivery (when it is payable to the bearer of the document) or by endorsement and delivery (when the document is payable to order).
  • The transferee taking the instrument in good faith and for consideration gets a good title to the same even if the title of the transferor is defective.
  • The party holding the instrument should be entitled to maintain a suit thereon in case the instrument gets dishonoured while in his custody.

Characteristics of Negotiable Instruments

  • Writing and Signed by Its Maker
  • Unconditional
  • Fixed Sum of Money
  • Transferable
  • Absolute And Good Title
  • Right to Recovery
Relevant Provisions of the RBI Act 1934
  • A bill of exchange or hundi cannot originally be made payable to ‘bearer on demand’.
  • A promissory note cannot be originally made payable to bearer.
Kinds of Negotiable Instruments
  • Promissory note
  • Bill of exchange
  • Cheque

Important Sections of Negotiable Instruments Act: 

There are a total of 147 sections in the Negotiable Instruments Act.
  1. Section 4 – Promissory note
  2. Section 5 – Bill of exchange
  3. Section 6 – Cheque
  4. Section 13 – Negotiable Instruments
  5. Section 92 – Dishonour by non-payment
  6. Section 118 – Presumptions as to Negotiable Instruments

Promissory Note

  • An unconditional promise in writing made by one person (maker) to another person( payee)
  • Signed by the maker
  • Stamped
  • Promise to pay
  • On-demand or at a fixed or determinable future time
  • A sum certain in money
  • Pay in terms of legal tender money only
  • To, or to the order of, a specified person or to the bearer.
  • The parties i.e. the maker and the payee must be certain.

Bill of Exchange

  • An order in writing directing a person to pay a sum of money to a specified person.
  • Duly signed by its drawer
  • Accepted by its drawee
  • Properly stamped
  • Express order to pay
  • The definite sum of money
  • A definite and unconditional order
  • Parties to a bill must be certain

Cheque

  • A bill of exchange drawn on a specified banker, and not expressed to be payable otherwise than on demand
  • Includes the electronic image of a truncated cheque
  • Includes a cheque in electronic form
  • issued on a specified banker only
  • The amount specified is always certain, and must be clearly mentioned
  • The payee is always certain.
  • Must bear a date
  • Types -Open cheque, Crossed cheque, Bearer cheque, Order cheque

Expected MCQ on Negotiable Instruments Act with Answers:

  1. A promissory note, bill of exchange or cheque payable either to order or to bearer is called – Negotiable Instrument
  2. How many total sections are there in the Negotiable Instruments Act? – 147
  3. Which section of Negotiable Instruments Act deals with Promissory Note? – Section 4
  4. In which section bill of exchange is dealt with in Negotiable Instruments Act? – Section 5
  5. What does Section 6 deals within the Negotiable Instruments Act? – Cheque
  6. Which section in the Negotiable Instruments Act deals with Negotiable Instruments? – Section 13
  7. Drawee is defined in which section of the Negotiable Instruments Act? – Section 7
  8. Which section of Negotiable Instruments Act deals with Dishonour by non-payment? – Section 92
  9. Which section of Negotiable Instruments Act deals with Cheque crossed generally? – Section 123
  10. Which section of Negotiable Instruments Act deals with Presumptions as to Negotiable Instruments? – Section 118
  11. Which section of Negotiable Instruments Act deals with Dishonouring of Cheque? – Section 138
  12. What type of negotiable instrument is a currency note? – Money is Not a Negotiable Instrument
  13. An order in writing directing a person to pay a sum of money to a specified person is called _____. – Bill of Exchange
  14. A bill of exchange drawn on a specified banker, and not expressed to be payable otherwise than on demand is called ____. – Cheque
  15. How many types of cheques are there as per the Negotiable Instruments Act? – 4 (Open cheque, Crossed cheque, Bearer cheque, Order cheque)

More Important MCQ on Negotiable Instrument Act with Answers:

Candidates can find the Negotiable Instrument Act 1881 Multiple Choice Questions and Answers PDF, which was highly expected questions in Banking Awareness Section.

1) Which of the following section in the Negotiable Instruments Act deals with the Bill of Exchange?

  1. Section 5
  2. Section 6
  3. Section 4
  4. Section 13
  5. Section 8

2) Which of the followings are not the Negotiable Instruments as defined by the Statute…

  1. Banker’s Note
  2. Promissory Note
  3. Bill of Exchange
  4. Cheques
  5. All of the Instruments are Negotiable Instruments

3) Which of the following is/are true about the Negotiable Instruments Act, the Promissory Note is …

(I) Definition of Promissory Note is given in section 8 of the Negotiable Instrument Act

(II) Containing an unconditional undertaking

(III) To pay a certain sum of money only to a specific person or the bearer

(IV) The seller is bound to accept the promissory note

(V) A document was written and signed by the payer/maker

  1. (I), (II) and (III)
  2. (II), (III) and (V)
  3. (II), (III), and (IV)
  4. (I), (III) and (IV)
  5. All of the above

4) Dishonour of Negotiable Instrument by Non Payment is covered under section in the Negotiable Instrument Act 1882…

  1. Section 90
  2. Section 91
  3. Section 92
  4. Section 93
  5. Section 94

5) The Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Bill, 2017 inserted a provision allowing a court trying an offence related to cheque bouncing, to direct the drawer (person who writes the cheque) to pay interim compensation to the complainant. The interim compensation will not exceed ___% of the cheque amount?

  1. 15%
  2. 25%
  3. 30%
  4. 33%
  5. 20%

6) Which of the following is/are true about Bill of Exchange?

(I) A bill of exchange requires in its inception two parties.

(II) A bill of exchange or “draft” is a written order by the drawer to the drawee to pay money to the payee.

(III) Bills of exchange are used primarily in international trade and are written orders by one person to his bank to pay the bearer a specific sum on a specific date.

(IV) Definition of ‘ Bill of Exchange’ is mentioned in Section 6 of the Negotiable Instrument Act.

  1. (I) and (IV)
  2. (I), (II) and (IV)
  3. (II) and (III)
  4. (III) and (IV)
  5. All of the Above

(7) If the holder of a bill of exchange allows the drawee more than ___ hours, exclusive of public holidays, to consider whether he will accept the same, all previous parties not consenting to such allowance are thereby discharged from liability to such holder.

  1. 24
  2. 12
  3. 36
  4. 48
  5. 60

(8) Section 6 of the Negotiable Instruments Act defines ___

  1. Cheque
  2. Bill of Exchange
  3. Promissory Notes
  4. Dishonour by non-payment
  5. Dishonour by non-acceptance

(9) If a Minor draw, indorse, deliver and negotiate Negotiable Instruments, it binds __

  1. All the parties except minor
  2. All the parties including minor
  3. Minor Only
  4. Minor and Only Drawer
  5. Minor and the Drawee

(10) Which of the following is/are false about Dishonour of Cheque?

(I) Section 138 defines Dishonour of cheque for insufficiency, etc., of funds in the account.

(II) Such cheque has been presented to the bank within a period of twelve months from the date on which it is drawn or within the period of its validity, whichever is earlier

(III) Imprisonment for such offence may be extended for a period of five year

(IV) Section 138 apply unless – the drawer of such cheque fails to make the payment of the said amount of money to the payee or, as the case may be, to the holder in due course of the cheque, within fifteen days of the receipt of the said notice.

  1. (I) and (IV)
  2. (II) and (III)
  3. (II),(III) and (IV)
  4. Only (IV)
  5. Only (III)

Check Below Answer with explanation for the above questions.

The negotiable instruments act 1881 multiple choice questions and answers pdf:

1). Answer: Section 5 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 defines bills of exchange. According to this definition, a bill of exchange is an instrument in writing containing an unconditional order.

2). Answer: Banker’s Note. Promissory Notes, Bill of Exchange and Cheques are Negotiable Instruments.

3). Answer :(II), (III) and (V)

A promissory note refers to a written promise to its holder by an entity or an individual to pay a certain sum of money by a pre-decided date. The definition is mentioned in section 4 of the Negotiable Instrument Act. The seller isn’t bound to accept the promissory note.

4). Answer: Section 92: Dishonour by non-payment.—A promissory note, bill of exchange or cheque is said to be dishonoured by non-payment when the maker of the note, acceptor of the bill or drawee of the cheque makes default in payment upon being duly required to pay the same.

5). Answer: The Bill inserts a provision allowing a court trying an offence related to cheque bouncing, to direct the drawer (person who writes the cheque) to pay interim compensation to the complainant.  This interim compensation may be paid under certain circumstances, including where the drawer pleads not guilty of the accusation.  The interim compensation will not exceed 20% of the cheque amount and will have to be paid by the drawer within 60 days of the trial court’s order to pay such compensation.

6). Answer :(II) and (III). A bill of exchange requires in its inception three parties—the drawer, the drawee, and the payee. Definition of ‘ Bill of Exchange’ is mentioned in Section 5 of the Negotiable Instrument Act.

7). Answer: If the holder of a bill of exchange allows the drawee more than 48 hours, exclusive of public holidays, to consider whether he will accept the same, all previous parties not consenting to such allowance are thereby discharged from liability to such holder.

8). Answer: Section 6 of Negotiable Instruments Act 1881: “Cheque” A “cheque” is a bill of exchange drawn on a specified banker and not expressed to be payable otherwise than on demand.

9). Answer: A minor may draw, indorse, deliver and negotiate such instrument to bind all parties except himself.

10). Answer : (II) and (III) Section 138: Where any cheque drawn by a person on an account maintained by him with a banker for payment of any amount of money to another person from out of that account for the discharge, in whole or in part, of any debt or other liability, is returned by the bank unpaid, either because of the amount of money standing to the credit of that account is insufficient to honour the cheque or that it exceeds the amount arranged to be paid from that account by an agreement made with that bank, such person shall be deemed to have committed an offence and shall, without prejudice to any other provision of this Act, be punished with imprisonment for 8 [a term which may be extended to two years’], or with fine which may extend to twice the amount of the cheque, or with both:

Provided that nothing contained in this section shall apply unless—

(a) the cheque has been presented to the bank within a period of six months from the date on which it is drawn or within the period of its validity, whichever is earlier;

(b) the payee or the holder in due course of the cheque, as the case may be, makes a demand for the payment of the said amount of money by giving notice; in writing, to the drawer of the cheque, 9 [within thirty days] of the receipt of information by him from the bank regarding the return of the cheque as unpaid; and

(c) the drawer of such cheque fails to make the payment of the said amount of money to the payee or, as the case may be, to the holder in due course of the cheque, within fifteen days of the receipt of the said notice.

Click Here to Join Our Official Telegram Group

Stay Connected & Join our Telegram Group for free study material, free tests daily quiz & Discussion related to Exams & latest jobs, News, Admit Card, Answer Key, Results, Employment News Notifications Here: https://telegram.me/hpexams365

Share To:

IBTSINDIA.COM

Post A Comment:

0 comments so far,add yours