11 December 2020: Daily Current Affairs & GK Update

11 December 2020: Daily Current Affairs & GK Update


International Mountain Day 2020: Observed on Dec 11

  • The International Mountain Day is observed on December 11 every year.
  • The theme of 2020 – Mountain biodiversity
  • The first International Mountain Day was celebrated in 2003.
  • The United Nations had declared 2002 as the UN International Year of Mountains.

Why is International Mountain Day celebrated?

  • It is an UN-designated day to celebrate the rich biodiversity, as well as address the threats mountains face.
  • Purpose: To create awareness about the importance of life, to highlight the opportunities and constraints in mountain development and to build alliances that will bring positive change to mountain peoples and environments around the world.

UNICEF Day: 11 December

  • Every year, UNICEF Day is observed on December 11 by the United Nations.
  • The UNICEF day is celebrated on December 11 because the United Nations General Assembly created UNICEF on December 11, 1946.
  • It was started to provide assistance, supplies and improve health, education, nutrition of children after World War II.

About UNICEF

  • UNICEF – United Nations International Children Emergency Fund.
  • UNICEF works in more than 190 countries and territories. It aims to save the lives of children, defend their rights and help them fulfil their potential.
  • It was awarded the Nobel Prize for peace in 1965.
  • The work of UNICEF includes child Protection, child environment, child development and nutrition, education, polio eradication, children and age, reproductive and Child Health, advocacy and partnership, emergency preparedness and response, etc.

CURRENT AFFAIRS: NATIONAL

Cabinet Approves PM- WANI Scheme

  • The Central government’s scheme is called the Prime Minister Wi-Fi Access Network Interface (PM-WANI) on 9th December 2020 and is being seen as an attempt by the government to elevate wireless internet connectivity in the country.
  • It aims to promote the growth of public wi-fi networks in the country.
  • The scheme would enable our small shopkeepers to provide Wi-Fi service. This will boost incomes as well as ensure our youth gets seamless internet connectivity.
  • Salient Features: This Public Wi-Fi Access Network Interface will be known as PM-WANI. PM-WANI ecosystem will be operated by different players as described herein under:
  • Public Data Office (PDO): It will establish, maintain, and operate only WANI compliant Wi-Fi Access Points and deliver broadband services to subscribers.
  • Public Data Office Aggregator (PDOA): It will be an aggregator of PDOs and perform the functions relating to Authorization and Accounting.
  • App Provider: It will develop an App to register users and discover WANI compliant Wi-Fi hotspots in the nearby area and display the same within the App for accessing the internet service.
  • Central Registry: It will maintain the details of App Providers, PDAs, and PDOs. To begin with, the Central Registry will be maintained by C-DoT.

Registration of PDOs, PDOAs :

  • While no registration would be required for PDOs, PDOAs and App Providers will get themselves registered with DoT through an online registration portal (SARALSANCHAR; https://saralsanchar.gov.in) of DoT, without paying any registration fee.
  • Registration shall be granted within 7 days of the application.

Cabinet approves Atmanirbhar Bharat Rojgar Yojana

  • The Union Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has given its approval for Atmanirbhar Bharat Rojgar Yojana (ABRY).
  • Aim: To incentivise the creation of new employment opportunities.
  • ABRY will also incentivize the creation of new employment opportunities under Atmanirbhar Bharat Package 3.0.
  • Cabinet has approved an expenditure of Rs 1,584 crore for the current financial year and Rs 22,810 crore for the entire Scheme period i.e. 2020-2023.

Salient features of the Scheme are as under:

  • Government of India will provide subsidy for two years in respect of new employees engaged on or after 1st October 2020 and up to 30th June 2021
  • Government of India will pay both 12% employees’ contribution and 12% employers’ contribution i.e. 24% of wages towards EPF in respect of new employees in establishments employing up to 1000 employees for two years
  • The Government of India will pay only employees’ share of EPF contribution i.e. 12% of wages in respect of new employees in establishments employing more than 1000 employees for two years.

G Kishan Reddy inaugurates National Centre for Divyang Empowerment in Telangana

  • Minister of State for Home Affairs G Kishan Reddy inaugurated National Centre for Divyang Empowerment (NCDE) at the CRPF Group Centre in Hakimpet near Hyderabad in Telangana on 10th December 2020.
  • This is a centre to skill and re-skill the specially-abled people who suffered a disability while serving the nation.
  • NCDE aims to provide the soldiers who suffered and sustained grievous injuries during operational duties and rendered physically challenged, a chance to enhance and train them for various fields of work including Information Technology and para-athletes.

About CRPF

  • Formed – 27th July 1939
  • Headquarters – New Delhi
  • Founder – Parliament of India

Ministry of AYUSH, AIIMS to set up the Department of Integrative Medicine

  • The Ministry of AYUSH and AIIMS have decided to initiate work on setting up a Department of Integrative Medicine at AIIMS.
  • This was decided in a joint visit and review by Secretary, AYUSH Vaidya Rajesh Kotecha and Director, AIIMS, New Delhi Dr Randeep Guleria.
  • CIMR receives notable support through the Centre of Excellence Scheme of the Ministry of AYUSH.
  • It was decided that the Centre for Integrative Medicine and Research (CIMR) AIIMS may develop an integrated protocol with Ayurveda and Yoga for study on Post COVID treatment.

CURRENT AFFAIRS: INTERNATIONAL

Joe Biden & Kamala Harris jointly named Time magazine’s Person of the Year

  • S. President-elect Joe Biden and Vice President-elect Kamala Harris were jointly named Time magazine’s 2020.
  • The US president was named as Person of the Year in 2016 by Time.
  • Trump, the 45th U.S. president and Time’s 2016 Person of the Year
  • Teenage climate activist Greta Thunberg last year became the youngest individual winner of the accolade.
  • Along with its Person of the Year honour, Time magazine named the Korean pop group BTS as its Entertainer of the Year, and basketball star LeBron James has crowned Athlete of the Year.

CURRENT AFFAIRS: STATES

Nitin Gadkari inaugurates three-lane 1.5 km long Koilwar bridge over Sone river in Bihar

  • Road Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari inaugurated the three-lane 1.5 km long Koilwar bridge over Sone river in Bihar through Video Conferencing on 10 Dec 2020.
  • A sum of 266 crore rupees has been spent on the bridge. The existing two-lane bridge for both rail and road traffic is 138 years old.
  • A six-lane bridge is being made in its place, of which, a three-lane carriageway has been opened for public.
  • The bridge is a major road for transport between Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.
  • Mr Gadkari stated, the Ministry has approved a four-lane elevated road from Bharauli (Buxar) to Haidaria for providing connectivity to the Poorvanchal Expressway.

CURRENT AFFAIRS: APPOINTMENTS AND RESIGNATIONS

Romania’s Prime Minister Ludovic Orban quits Nicolae-Ionel Ciuca appointed as interim PM

  • Romania’s Defence Minister Nicolae Ciuca was named interim prime minister after Ludovic Orban resigned over his ruling centre-right National Liberal Party, PNL’s poor showing in parliamentary elections.

About Romania

  • Currency: Romanian leu
  • Capital: Bucharest

CURRENT AFFAIRS: SUMMITS & CONFERENCE

India & Uzbekistan to held the first bilateral virtual summit

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev held a virtual summit
  • This was the first bilateral Virtual Summit between India and a central Asian country.
  • The leaders discussed the entire spectrum of the bilateral relationship, including the strengthening of India-Uzbekistan cooperation in the post-COVID world.
  • They also exchanged views on regional and global issues of mutual interest.
  • The visits of Prime Minister Modi to Uzbekistan in 2015 and 2016 and President Mirziyoyev to India in 2018 and 2019 have imparted a new dynamism to the strategic partnership.

CURRENT AFFAIRS: RANKING

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman at 41 on Forbes 2020 list of 100 most powerful women

  • Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has made it to the list of the world’s 100 most powerful women by Forbes, for the second year in a row.
  • Sitharaman is ranked 41st on the list this year. In 2019, she was ranked at 34.
  • US Vice President-elect Kamala Harris, Biocon Founder Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw and HCL Enterprise CEO Roshni Nadar Malhotra have also been named in the list which has been topped by German Chancellor Angela Merkel for the 10th year in a row.
  • European Central Bank head Christine Lagarde is at a second position the second year in a row while US Vice President-elect Kamala Harris is at the third spot, entering the list for the first time.
  • Sitharaman was appointed India’s finance minister in 2019 and is also the minister for corporate affairs.

Sonu Sood tops’50 Asian Celebrities In The World’ 2020 list

  • Indian actor Sonu Sood has been named the number 1 Asian celebrity on the planet for 2020, which is published by UK based Eastern Eye newspaper.
  • He ranked ahead of global stars, including from Hollywood, the music industry, television, literature and social media, for his inspiring philanthropic work throughout the Covid-19 pandemic.
  • The top 50 list celebrating Asian stars who shone the brightest in 2020, is based on those who did good work, made a positive impact, broke boundaries, shattered glass ceilings, gave hope, did philanthropic deeds or were just inspiring in their own unique way.

CURRENT AFFAIRS: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

HAL-IISc Skill Development Centre in launches its first training programme

  • HAL-IISc Skill Development Centre in Challakere of Chitradurga district in Karnataka launched its first training programme offering five courses in virtual mode.
  • The programmes offered are in the niche engineering areas of aerospace, mechanical, electrical and electronic sectors, and in line with the “Make in India” mission.
  • Defence Minister Rajnath Singh had formally inaugurated the Skill Development Centre in Challakere on August 13th this year.
  • The Centre is located in IISc’s new 1500 acre campus in Challakere, projected as a Science and Technology city.
  • The Skill Development Centre spread over 75000 sq. feet was constructed for 73.7 crore rupees.
  • It is well equipped with modern labs, classrooms, auditorium and residential accommodation for 250 trainees and faculty members.

CURRENT AFFAIRS: SPORTS

Breakdancing gets Olympic status to debut at Paris in 2024

  • The International Olympic Committee has registered Breakdancing as the newest entry into Olympics, intending to attract a new and younger audience.
  • Breakdancing will be known as ‘Breaking’ in the Olympics event.
  • The IOC executive board also confirmed skateboarding, sport climbing and surfing for Paris.
  • Those three sports will make their Olympic debuts at the Tokyo Games which were postponed because of the coronavirus pandemic. The Tokyo opening ceremony is July 23, 2021.

About IOC:

  • Headquarters – Lausanne, Switzerland
  • President – Thomas Bach
  • Founded – 23rd June 1894 ( Paris, France )

Zena Wooldridge Elected as World Squash Federation President

  • Zena Wooldridge has been elected as the new World Squash Federation (WSF) President following the WSF’s 2020 Annual General Meeting.
  • She replaces outgoing President Jacques Fontaine, from France, who was elected President in 2016.
  • Wooldridge, from England, will become the 10th WSF President to serve since the Federation’s inception in 1967 and the second female.
  • Wooldridge will serve a minimum four-year term after being elected by delegates representing 64 National Federations.
  • Wooldridge previously served six years as President of the European Squash Federation between 2013-2019.
  • She replaces outgoing President Jacques Fontaine, from France, who was elected President in 2016.

Annika Sorenstam elected president of International Golf Federation

  • Annika Sorenstam was elected president of the International Golf Federation replacing the outgoing Peter Dawson.
  • Sorenstam, a 72-time winner on the LPGA Tour and former No. 1 from Sweden, will take up the position on Jan. 1.
  • He was a leading ambassador for golf’s bid to become an Olympic sport at the 2016 Rio de Janeiro Games.

About International Golf Federation

  • Founded – 1958
  • Headquarters: Lausanne, Switzerland

Madagascar replaces the Maldives as host of 2023 Indian Ocean Island Games

  • Madagascar has replaced the Maldives as the host of the 2023 Indian Ocean Island Games due to concerns over the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • The event had been awarded to the Maldives last year, but members of the Indian Ocean Island Games Federation voted to move the Games to Madagascar.
  • The Maldives had requested pushing back the 2023 Games to 2025 but the IOIGF was keen to avoid a six-year void between editions of the multi-sport event.
  • The Maldives had received the hosting right of the event in 2019.

About Madagascar

  • Capital: Antananarivo.
  • Currency: Malagasy ariary.
  • President: Andry Rajoelina

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