15 November 2018 - Daily Current Affairs

15 November 2018 - Daily Current Affairs

15 November 2018 - Daily Current Affairs

1. Hima Das is UNICEF India's first youth ambassador

  • The United Nations Children’s Fund — India (UNICEF—India) has appointed Asian Games gold-medallist sprinter Hima Das as the country’s first ever youth ambassador.
  • The name of the woman athlete from Assam was announced by the world organization in a tweet on Wednesday evening coinciding with the Children’s Day celebrated on November 14.
  • “I’m honored to be chosen as Unicef India’s Youth Ambassador, and I hope I will be able to inspire more children to follow their dreams,” Ms. Das responded.
Note:
  • Hima Das made history by becoming India's first ever track and field gold medallist at the IAAF World Championships 2018.
  • She also clinched a gold medal in Women's 4 x 400 m Relay event at the 2018 Asian Games
  • She had also won a silver medal in Women's 400m Race event.
  • She is the daughter of a farmer from the village of Dhing in Assam's Nagaon district.

2.  India International Trade Fair 2018 opens in New Delhi

  • The 38th edition of India International Trade Fair (IITF) 2018 was inaugurated by the Minister of State for Commerce & Industry, C.R. Chaudhary at Pragati Maidan in New Delhi.
  • The flagship event of India Trade Promotion Organisation (ITPO) will continue from 14th to 27th November 2018.
  • The partner country is the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and the focus country is the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. The focus state is Jharkhand.
  • This edition of IITF assumes special significance as it marks the beginning of the150th birth anniversary celebrations of Mahatma Gandhi.

Summits & Conferences

3. PM Modi participates in ASEAN-India Breakfast Summit in Singapore

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi today participated in the ASEAN-India Breakfast Summit in Singapore and underlined the need for maritime cooperation and centrality of trade for the prosperity of the strategic Indo-Pacific region.
  • He also held separate bilateral meetings with the premiers of Singapore, Australia, and Thailand and discussed ways to further strengthen ties, including in areas of trade, defense, and security.
Note:
  • The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a regional intergovernmental organization comprising 10 Southeast Asian countries, which promotes intergovernmental cooperation and facilitates economic, political, security, military, educational, and socio-cultural integration among its members and other Asian states.
  • The ASEAN members are Indonesia, Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, The Philippines, Vietnam, Myanmar, Cambodia, Brunei, and Laos.

4. PM Modi attends 13th East Asia Summit in Singapore

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 15th November attended the 13th East Asia Summit in Singapore during which the leaders of the grouping discussed global and regional issues, including maritime cooperation.
  • It was Prime Minister Modi's 5th East Asia Summit.
  • India has been participating in the East Asia Summit since its very inception in 2005.
Note:
  • The Twelfth East Asia Summit was held in Pasay, the Philippines in 2017.
  • East Asia Summit meetings are held after the annual ASEAN leaders' meetings and play an important role in the regional architecture of Asia-Pacific.
  • The first summit was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 14 December 2005.

Appointment

5. Sanjay Kumar Seth takes oath as chief justice of MP high court

  • Justice Sanjay Kumar Seth was sworn in as the 24th Chief Justice of the Madhya Pradesh High Court.
  • State Governor Anandi Ben Patel administered the oath of office to Justice Seth in a ceremony.
  • He was made acting chief justice after the incumbent Hemant Gupta was elevated to the Supreme Court.
  • Before becoming a high court judge, he had served as an additional advocate general.
  • He was enrolled as an advocate on July 24, 1981, and practiced in Jabalpur.

6. Sadananda Gowda takes charge of chemicals and fertilizers ministry

  • Union minister D V Sadananda Gowda assumed additional charge of the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilisers.
  • The move was necessitated following the demise of Ananth Kumar.
  • He is currently the minister for statistics and programme implementation

7.  Ashok Chawla steps down as Yes Bank chairman

  • Yes Bank chairman Ashok Chawla has stepped down, stating that the current transition period calls for someone who can devote more time and attention.
  • The resignation comes days after the bank sought RBI’s opinion on Chawla continuing in the post after being named in a corruption charge sheet in the Aircel-Maxis case.
  • Chawla, a former secretary with the ministry of finance, is also the chairman of the National Stock Exchange.

International Affairs

8. India to the top US as second-largest carbon spewer from power: IEA

  • India will overtake the US to become the world’s second-biggest emitter of carbon dioxide from the power sector before 2030 as the nation’s electricity demand skyrockets, the International Energy Agency said in its latest World Energy Outlook.
  • Carbon dioxide emissions from India’s power sector are expected to rise to nearly 80 percent by 2040 as power use almost triples, driven in part by air conditioning, the Paris-based IEA said in the report.
  • China will remain the biggest emitter.
  • Even with the jump in power demand and emissions, India’s per-capita electricity consumption will remain one of the world’s lowest, according to the report.

Scheme

9. Ministry of HRD launches faculty development programmes - LEAP & ARPIT

  • A unique initiative of online professional development of 15 lakh higher education faculty using the MOOCs platform SWAYAM, Annual Refresher Programme in Teaching (ARPIT) was launched on 13th
  • The ministry of human resource development also launched Leadership for Academicians Programme (LEAP) which will be implemented through 15 top institutions like IITs, TISS, DU, JNU and IISERs and also include a week training in a foreign campus of the likes of Harvard University, Oxford University, Purdue University and NTU Singapore, among others.
About LEAP programme
  • LEAP is a three-week flagship leadership development training programme (two-weeks domestic and one-week foreign training for second level academic functionaries in public funded higher education institutions.
  • LEAP programme will be offered by 15 NIRF top-ranked Indian Institutions namely, IIT Roorkee, IIT Kanpur, NIT Trichy, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Kolkata, Jawaharlal Nehru University, University of Delhi, IIT Bombay and TISS Mumbai, among others.
Objective of LEAP
  • The objective is to prepare second-tier academic heads who are potentially likely to assume leadership roles in the future.
About ARPIT programme
  • ARPIT is a 40-hour module with 20 hours of video content offered in a highly flexible format and can be done at one’s own pace and time.
  • There are built-in assessment exercises and activities as part of the academic progression in the course.
  • At the end of the course, they will be a terminal assessment which can be either online or a written examination.
  • All faculties who have successfully completed the online refresher course will be certified.

10. Agriculture Minister launches ‘Yuva Sahakar’ scheme

  • Agriculture Minister Radha Mohan Singh launched a Rs 1000 crore start-up scheme to encourage youth to join cooperative business ventures in agriculture and allied sectors.
  • The National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) under the agriculture ministry has come up the Yuva Sahakar-Cooperative Enterprise Support and Innovation Scheme.
  • The scheme will be linked to Rs 1000 crore ‘Cooperative Start-up and Innovation Fund (CSIF) created by the NCDC.
  • Apart from a subsidy for the entrepreneur, the scheme also makes available an interest subvention of 2% per annum.
  • NCDC is a statutory organization functioning as an apex financial and developmental institution which supports cooperatives in diverse fields apart from agriculture and allied sectors

Honors & Awards

11. Six professors win Infosys Prize 2018 for science and research

  • Six eminent professors have been awarded the Infosys Prize 2018 across different categories of science and research, the software major’s science foundation announced on 13th Nov 2018.
The list of winners are –
Category Name of the winner contribution
1. Engineering and Computer Science Navakanta Bhat
(Professor, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore)
Awarded for his work on the design of novel biosensors based on his research in biochemistry and gaseous sensors that push the performance limits of existing metal-oxide sensors.
2. Humanities Kavita Singh
(Professor and Dean, School of Arts & Aesthetics, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi)
Awarded for her study of Mughal, Rajput and Deccan art.
3. Life Sciences Roop Mallik
(Associate Professor, Department of Biological Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai)
Awarded for his work on molecular motor proteins, which are crucial for the functioning of living cells.
4. Mathematical Sciences Nalini Anantharaman
(Professor and Chair of Mathematics, Institute for Advanced Study, University of Strasbourg, France)
Awarded the prize in Mathematical Sciences for her work related to “Quantum Chaos”.
5. Physical Sciences S.K. Satheesh
(Professor, Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore)
Awarded for his pioneering scientific work in the field of climate change.
6. Social Sciences Sendhil Mullainathan
(Professor of Computation and Behavioral Science, the University of Chicago in the U.S.)
For his path-breaking work in behavioural economics.
 Note:
  • “The Infosys Prize seeks to honour the efforts of some of the brightest scientists and researchers and highlight the country’s ongoing quest for scientific excellence.
  • The annual award includes a pure gold medal, a citation and a prize purse worth $100,000 (or its equivalent in Indian rupees), the Infosys Science Foundation (ISF) said in a statement.

Sports

12. Former World No. 2 Agnieszka Radwanska announces retirement

  • Polish tennis player Agnieszka Radwanska said that she has decided to end her 13 year-long career due to health reasons.
  • “Unfortunately, I am no longer able to train and play the way I used to, and recently my body can't live up to my expectations.”
  • Radwanska, who reached a career-high ranking of second in 2012, complained of health woes last year, including suffering from viruses which she had to fight using antibiotics.
  • She struggled for form in the 2018 season, falling to 75 in the world rankings after starting the year in the top 30.
  • Radwanska reached a career-high world singles ranking of number two in 2012 after finishing as runner-up at Wimbledon.
  • She won the season-ending WTA Finals in 2015.

13. The 10th edition of World Boxing championship begins in New Delhi

  • The Women's World Boxing Championships begin in Delhi today.
  • This tenth edition of the tournament is set to be the biggest ever as more than 300 boxers from 72 countries will be taking part.
  • The highlight of 10th edition will be that new countries—Scotland, Malta, Bangladesh, Cayman Islands, DR Congo, Mozambique, Sierra Leone and Somalia—are making their debut.
  • MC Mary Kom will be aiming for a historic sixth gold at the event, which is being hosted by India for the first time since 2006.
  • This time, the 10-member Indian team, led by Mary Kom, is a mix of seasoned and young boxers.

Science & Defence

14. ISRO successfully launches GSLV Mark III D2 carrying GSAT 29 satellie

  • India successfully launched its latest communication satellite GSAT-29 with its heaviest rocket Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle-Mark III (GSLV-Mk III) on 14th
  • India space agency ISRO's Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (GSLV Mk-III-D2) - on its second developmental flight - lifted off from Sriharikota, India's rocket port in Andhra Pradesh on the coast of the Bay of Bengal.
Key points
  • India's heaviest rocket referred to as "Baahubali".
  • This is the 67th launch from Sriharikota and the GSAT-29 is the 33rd communications satellite made by India.
  • It carries Ka/Ku-band high throughput communication transponders, which are intended to cater to the communication requirements of users, including those in remote areas.
  • GSAT-29 is a multiband, multi-beam communication satellite, intended to serve as a testbed for several new and critical technologies. The mission life of the satellite is over ten years.
  • The advanced communications satellite weighs 3,423 kg and will help provide internet connectivity, especially in the remote areas of Jammu and Kashmir and north-eastern
  • The satellite also carries a unique laser-based optical communication that ISRO is testing for the first time.
  • The GSLV Mk- III weighs 641 tons, which is equal to the weight of five fully loaded passenger planes. At 43 meters tall, it is higher than a 13-story building.
  • Although it is the heaviest among India's operational launch vehicles, it is also the shortest.
  • The GSLV Mk-III will be used to launch India's Chandrayaan-2 early next year and Gaganyaan before 2022.
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