Analytical Reasoning for IBPS PO/Clerk 2018: 18 October

Analytical Reasoning for IBPS PO/Clerk 2018: 18 October

Directions (Q. 1-5): In each question below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
  1. Statement: Large number of people affected by the flood in the area gathered at the relief camp for food, water and shelter organized by the state government.
        Assumptions :
I. The relief camp has enough supplies to provide food and water to the affected people in the area.
II. All those whose houses are submerged can be accommodated in the temporary shelters.
III. Many more affected people are yet to reach the relief camp.
        1) Only I is implicit              2) Only I and II are implicit
        3) Only II is implicit            4) Only II and III are implicit
        5) None of these
  1. Statement: “If you desire to enjoy the best holidays to Europe, join our exclusive EURO package”. An advertisement of a travel agency in an Indian newspaper.
        Assumptions :
I.  Many Indians travel to European countries to spend their holidays.
II. There are other travel agencies in India which organize holiday tours to Europe.
III. Many people may still travel to Europe through other travel agencies.
        1) All are implicit                 2) Only I and II are implicit
        3) Only I is implicit              4) Only I and III are implicit
        5) None is implicit
  1. Statement: “If you are a first class graduate with at least 65 per cent marks, you are eligible to apply for the post of officer in our organization”. An advertisement for recruitment of officers.
        Assumptions :
I. There may be adequate number of applicants who will fulfil the stipulated educational qualification.
II. Those graduates who have secured less than 65 per cent marks may not perform well the job.
III. Those candidates who have secured 65 per cent or more marks in graduation are likely to perform well on the job.
        1) All are implicit
        2) Only I and II are implicit
        3) Only II and III are implicit
        4) Only I and III are implicit
        5) None of these
  1. Statement: The government has decided to hike the prices of petrol and diesel by about Rs 3 per litre to partially reduce the gap between the domestic and international prices.
        Assumptions :
I. The oil companies may not be able to absorb the deficit in purchase and sale prices.
II. People may start countrywide agitation against the price hike.
III. The oil companies may not agree with the government’s decision of marginal price hike.
        1) Only I is implicit              2) Only II is implicit
        3) Only III is implicit           4) Only I and II are implicit
        5) None is implicit
  1. Statement: The Government has decided to allow the shopping complexes to remain open till midnight to reduce crowding of shoppers in these complexes during the weekends.
I. People may still prefer to shop during the weekends.
II. Many people may now do their shopping leisurely during the late evening hours.
III. The sales of these shopping complexes may increase generating revenue for the Govt.
        1) None is implicit                2) Only I is implicit
        3) Only II is implicit            4) Only III is implicit
        5) None of these
Directions (Q. 6-10): In each of the questions below one statement is followed by blank spaces which are followed by a conclusion which can be drawn from either the statement given in the question or from the statement given in the question and an additional statement which may fit in the blank space. You have to study the question and the alternatives which provide a statement and decide which of the answers best fit between the given statement and conclusion.
  1. Statement I: The Government has decided to effect a significant increase in the procurement price of Kharif crops with immediate effect.
        Blank Space:  ________________________________
                                   ________________________________
        Conclusion: The farmers’ income will not get adversely affected this Kharif season.
        (a)  Statement II: The production of Kharif crops                this          season has surpassed the production level of all the earlier years.
        (b)  Statement II: The production of Kharif crops has declined considerably from that of the previous year.
        (c)  Statement II: The production of Kharif crops this year has remained unchanged in comparison with those of the previous years.
        1)  Only (a)
        2)  Only(b)
        3)  Only(c)
        4)  Any one of the above statements will fit
        5)  No additional statement is required to draw the conclusion
  1. Statement I: A very large number of students of this college have secured more than 99 per cent aggregate marks in the final degree examination conducted recently.
        Blank Space:  ________________________________
                                   ________________________________
        Conclusion: The question papers set by the university this year for all the colleges under its jurisdiction were comparatively much easier than the earlier years.
        (a)  Statement II: Students from other colleges under the university also have secured unusually higher percentage of marks.
        (b)  Statement II: The university does not have required number of teachers to evaluate the answer papers.
        (c)  Statement II: Students appeared in the previous year’s examination secured comparatively less marks.
        1) Only (a)
        2) Only (b)
        3) Only(c)
        4) Any one of the above statements will fit
        5) No additional statement is required to draw the conclusion
  1. Statement I: The agitating workers had taken out a peaceful procession in front of the factory gate to register their protest.
        Blank Space:  ________________________________
                                   ________________________________
        Conclusion: The Govt. has suspended the Police Officer-in-Charge of the picket and initiated an inquiry into this incidence of police atrocity.
        (a)  Statement II: The workers had applied for a mass casual leave on the day of the incidence.
        (b)  Statement II: The agitating workers did not allow the policemen to enter the factory premises.
        (c)  Statement II: The police resorted to indiscriminate lathi charge on the agitating workers of the local factory.
        1)  Only (a)
        2)  Only(b)
        3)  Only(c)
        4)  Any one of the above statements will fit
        5)  No additional statement is required to draw the conclusion
  1. Statement I: The foreign direct investment in India has remained very low particularly in the infrastructure sector comparative to that in China.
        Blank Space:  ________________________________
                                   ________________________________
        Conclusion: The Government has now set up a board of experts which is given full authority to approve proposals of foreign direct investment in the infrastructure sector within reasonable time.
        (a)  Statement II: The delay in approvals by the Government for the foreign direct investment proposals is inordinate because of complex approval system.
        (b)  Statement II: The people engaged so far in the approval system did not have the expertise to take quick decision.
        (c)  Statement II: The processing time in China to approve the foreign direct investment proposal is comparatively very low.
        1)  Only (a)
        2)  Only(b)
        3)  Only(c)
        4)  Any one of the above statements will fit
        5)  No additional statement is required to draw the conclusion
  1. Statement I: Every year during monsoon large number of people in the city suffer from various waterborne diseases and many of such people even succumb to these diseases.
        Blank Space:  ________________________________
                                   ________________________________
        Conclusion: The civic authority has failed to put in place an effective mechanism to immune people from such waterborne diseases.
        (a)  Statement II: People are careless particularly in monsoon season about the quality of their food and drink.
        (b)  Statement II: The sewage system in the city has become very old resulting into mixing with rainwater during monsoon.
        (c)  Statement II: The Government has been cautioning people every year to be careful about the waterborne diseases.
        1)  Only (a)
        2)  Only (b)
        3)  Only(c)
        4)  Any one of the above statements will fit
        5)  No additional statement is required to draw the conclusion

Answers:

  1. 2; Only I and II are implicit because in the relief camp the facilities of food, water and shelter are available.
  2. 1; All are implicit because on the basis of all the three assumptions this advertisement is given.
  3. 3; Only II and III are implicit. According to II who have secured less than 65% marks may not perform well on the job and according to III those who have secured 65% or more marks are likely to perform well. Hence due to these in advertisement the people with at least 65% marks are eligible to apply for the post.
  4. 4; Only I and II is implicit because if the government does not hike the prices of petrol and diesel, the oil company will not be able to fulfil to deficit in purchase and sale prices and for protecting agitation, the hike of price is less.
  5. 3; Only II is implicit because the people may shopping leisurely during the late evening hours, thinking so, the Government has decided to allow the shopping complexes to remain open till midnight.
  6. 2
  7. 1
  8. 3
  9. 3
  10. 2
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