Reasoning for SBI PO/Clerk Mains 2018: 12 July 2018

Reasoning for SBI PO/Clerk Mains 2018: 12 July 2018

1. Statement : Amidst startup India policy of the government a record number of new companies starting up in India, and with previously established companies adding many new jobs, a record number of new jobs were created last year in the Indian economy. This year, previously established companies will not be adding as many new jobs overall as such companies added last year. Therefore, unless a record number of companies start up this year, India will not break its record for new jobs created.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?
1) In a given year, new companies starting up create more new jobs on average than do previously established companies.
2) The number of people seeking employment is no larger this year than it was last year.
3) This year, the new companies starting up will not provide substantially more jobs per company than did new companies last year.
4) Previously established companies in India will be less profitable this year than such companies were last year.
5) The number of jobs created in the Indian economy last year was substantially larger than the number of jobs lost.
2. Statement : CNG is a product of natural gas. When burned as fuel, it emits significantly lower levels of carbon monoxide and other atmospheric pollutant, than does patrol and diesel. For that reason, environmentalists claim that CNG is a better source of energy than patrol and diesel.
Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the environmentalists’ claim?
1) When burned as fuel, CNG does not release any pollutants at higher levels than does patrol and Diesel.
2) CNG is comparable in price to Patrol and Diesel.
3) Available supplies of natural gas are sufficient to supply several years’ worth of CNG.
4) Most petroleum companies already possess the technology to produce CNG.
5) CNG can be used as heating fuel.
3. Statement : After the demonetization of Rs. 500 and Rs. 1000 currency notes in India, in many corporations, employees are being replaced by automated equipment in order to save money and to cope up with currency crunch. However, many workers who lose their jobs to automation will need government assistance to survive, and the same corporations that are laying people off will eventually pay for that assistance through increased taxes and unemployment insurance payments.
Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the author’s argument?
1) Many workers who have already lost their jobs to automation have been unable to find new jobs.
2) Many corporations that have failed to automate have seen their profits decline.
3) Taxes and unemployment insurance are paid also by corporations that are not automating.4) Most of the new jobs created by automation pay less than the jobs eliminated by automation did.
5) The initial investment in machinery for automation is often greater than the short-term savings in labor costs.
4. Statement : The Indian technical institutes have produces world-class engineers who made their mark in various field of technology. But till recently the country was not able to benefit from the investment in such technical institutions.
Which of the following statements provides support for the claim above?
1) Engineers from Indian Institutions have put themselves on the world technological map but failed to put India on it.
2) It is high time that successful alumni contributed to their alma mater.
3) the Indian government is short of funds to start new engineering colleges.
4) both 1) and 2)
5) All 1), 2) and 3)
5. Statement : Privatisation of Indian railway has the potential not only to increase its productivity, but also for workman to share in the gains of that rise in the productivity. The problem of the current excess staff can be solved innovatively, by increasing service hours, introducing working in the shifts. 
Which line of argument would weaken the above thought process in the context of the overall objective being to privatise Indian Railway?
1) Privatisation will unleash those changes that will lead to a restoration of commercial and several cultures.
2) It should be accompanied by a big change in personnel policies.
3) Privatisation is the best cure for all the ills of the banking sector.
4) It is difficult to say that after privatization, railways will come professionally-run concern, answerable only to their shareholders.
5) None of these
Directions (6-9) : Read the following information carefully and answer the given questions:
The winter is over and the outrage that erupted over pollution after last year’s Diwali has also been overtaken by other news events. But the problem of polluted air stubbornly persists, affecting the health of the citizens.
A.The Global Burden of Disease (GBD), a comprehensive regional and global research programme including 500 researchers representing over 300 institutions and 50 countries, has estimated that 3,283 Indians died per day due to outdoor air pollution in India in 2015.
B. There is no conclusive data to link deaths exclusively with air pollution. The released data is based on secondary information on air quality collected through RTI, annual reports of state pollution control boards.
C. The Greenpeace India report had said Delhi tops the list of 20 most polluted cities in the country where 12 lakh deaths take place every year due to air pollution.
D. It Seems that none of the cities complies with air quality standards prescribed by the World Health Organisation (WHO).
E. Instead of trashing the links between citizens’ health and air pollution comprehensive scientific studies are required into the phenomenon and come up with concrete and effective solutions to tackle pollution.
6. Which of the statements (A) (B) (C) (D) and (E) negates the facts/information given in the statement?
1) Only (A) and (B)
2) Only (B)
3) Only (A), (B) and (C)
4) Only (B) and (E)
5) Only (B) and (D)
7. Which of the statements (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) mentioned above would best support the facts/ information given in the above statement?
1) Only (A) and (B)
2) Only (A) and (C)
3) Only (A), (C) and (D)
4) Only (D) and (E)
5) Only (A) and (E)
8. Which of the statements (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) mentioned would be a conclusion from the facts/information given the statement?
1) A
2) B
3) C
4) D
5) E
9. Which of the statements (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) mentioned above would be a logical course of action to the problem mentioned in the statement?
1) A
2) B
3) C
4) D
5) E
10. Read the following information carefully and answer the given question:
In order to fund the ambitious infrastructure development programmes the Union Government has decided to increase basic excise duty on diesel and petrol by rupees 2 per liter.
Which of the following assumptions is/are implicit in the above statement? (An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted).
(A) The government does not have sufficient fund for the ambitious infrastructure development programmes.
(B) The amount collected by the way of increasing basic excise duty on diesel and petrol will be adequate to fund these ambitious programmes.
(C) The total tax collection this way may increase substantially.
1) Only (A) and (B)
2) Only (A) and (C)
3) Only (B) and (C)
4) All (A), (B) and C
5) Only (C)
Answers:
  1. 3
  2. 1
  3. 1
  4. 1
  5. 4
  6. 2
  7. 2
  8. 4
  9. 5
  10. 2
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