Reasoning Questions for SBI Clerk/RRB 2018: 21 June

Reasoning Questions for SBI Clerk/RRB 2018: 21 June
Reasoning Questions for SBI Clerk/RRB 2018: 21 June

Directions (Q. 1-5): Study the given information carefully and answer the given questions.
When a word and number arrangement machine is given an input line of words and numbers, it arranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement. (All the numbers are two-digit numbers.)
Input:        30 overcome ado 67 18 lie so 85 74 come
Step I:       admit 30 overcome 67 18 lie so 74 come 84
Step II:     commit admit 30 overcome 67 18 lie so 84 73
Step III:    limit commit admit 30 overcome 18 so 84 73 66
Step IV:    overcommit limit commit admit 18 so 84 73 66 29
Step V:      smit overcommit limit commit admit 84 73 66 29 17
And step V is the last step of the above arrangement as the intended output of the above arrangement is obtained. As per the rules followed in the given steps, find the appropriate steps for the given input.
        Input: 61 ox herb 33 86 intern sums 28 49 perk
1. In step III, how many elements are there between ‘85’ and the third element from the left end?
        1) None                  2) One                    3) Three
        4) More than three                              5) Two
2. Which of the following is the sixth element from the left end in step II?
        1) sums     2) hermit  3) intern    4) perk      5) 28
3. ‘intermit’ is related to ‘85’ in the same way as ‘omit’ is related to ‘60’ in step V. Following the same pattern which element is ‘permit’ related to in step IV?
        1) intermit             2) omit                   3)  28
        4) 32                       5) 48
4. What is the difference between the fourth element from the right end in step IV and the fourth element from the right end in step V?
        1) 27                                       2) 12               3) 18       4) 5         5) Other than those given as options
5. In step V, which of the following elements does not appear between ‘permit’ and the fourth element from the right end?
        1) intermit             2) hermit                3) omit
        4) 32                       5) 85
6. The positions of how many digits will remain the same if the digits in the number 49735812 are rearranged in the descending order within the number from left to right?
        1) One                    2) More than three      3) None
        4) Two                   5) Three

Directions (Q. 7-11): Study the following information and answer the given questions.
Seven people P, Q, R, S, T, U and V launched products in seven different months (of the same year), namely January, February, May, June, September, November and December but not necessarily in the same order. Each of them also likes a different state, namely Gujarat, Punjab, Odisha, Haryana, Assam, Sikkim and Telangana but not necessarily in the same order.
R launched the product in a month which has 31 days. Only three people launched the products between R and the one who likes Haryana. T launched the product immediately before the one who likes Haryana. T did not launch the product in a month which has less than 30 days. P launched the product immediately before the one who likes Odisha. P launched the product in a month which has 31 days. Only two people launched products between the one who likes Odisha and V. The one who likes Gujarat launched the product in a month which has more than 30 days but not in January. V likes neither Gujarat nor Sikkim. Q launched the product in a month immediately before the one who likes Sikkim. The one who likes Punjab launched the product after the one who likes Sikkim. U launched the product in a month which has less than 30 days. The one who likes Assam launched the product in one of the months before U.
7. How many people launched the products between the months in which U and T launched the products?
        1) Two                   2) More than three      3) Three
        4) One                    5) None
8. If V launched the product in May, then who amongst the following launched the product immediately before V?
        1) The one who likes Sikkim             2) The one who likes Assam      3) R
        4) T                         5) U
9. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on the given arrangement and hence form a group. Which of the following does not belong to that group?
        1) VT        2) RT        3) PS         4) PU         5) QU
10. Which of the following represents the people who launched the products in May and November respectively?
        1) P, S       2) M, R     3) R, T      4) T, Q      5) S, U
11. Which of the following states does S like?
      1) Telangana      2) Haryana                          3) Odisha             4) Sikkim                 5) Other than those given as options



Answers:

(1-5);
The machine rearranges a word and number in each step. The words come at the left end and are rearranged in alphabetical order on the left. While getting arranged the last letter is replaced by ‘mit’. The numbers come at the right end are rearranged in descending  order from left to right after subtracting 1 from the original number, ie (85 – 1) = 84.
Input: 61 ox herb 33 86 intern sums 28 49 perk
Step I. hermit 61 ox 33 intern sums 28 49 perk 85
Step II. intermit hermit ox 33 sums 28 49 perk 85 60
Step III. omit intermit hermit 33 sums 28 perk 85 60 48
Step IV. permit omit intermit hermit sums 28 85 60 48 32
Step V. summit permit omit intermit hermit 85 60 48 32 27
1. 4; Third element from the left end is ‘hermit’ in step III. Thus, there are four elements between ‘hermit’ and ‘85’ in Step III.
2. 5
3. 5
4. 5; Fourth element from the right end in Step IV is ‘85’ and fourth element from the right end in Step V is ‘60’.
 Difference = 85 – 60 = 25
5. 4; The fourth element from the right end in Step V is 60. Hence, ‘32’ does ‘not’ appear between ‘permit’ and ‘60’.
6. 1
(7-11);

7. 4
8. 5
9. 4
10. 1
11. 4
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