Reasoning Questions for SBI Clerk 2018 : 21 March

Reasoning Questions for SBI Clerk 2018 : 21 March

Reasoning Questions for SBI Clerk 2018 : 21 March

Directions (Q. 1-5): In each question below are given two/three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. 

Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts. Give answer
1) if only conclusion I follows.
2) if only conclusion II follows.
3) if either conclusion I or II follows.
4) if neither conclusion I nor II follows.
5) if both conclusions I and II follow.
1. Statements: Some cats are kittens.
                                    All dogs are kittens.
                                    No kittens are black.
Conclusions:
I. All kittens being cats is a possibility.
II. Some dogs can never be black.
2. Statements: 60% of the government teachers went on strike.
                                    Miss Rani is a government teacher.
  Conclusions:    I.  That Miss Rani went on strike is a possibility.
II. Miss Rani did not participate in the strike.
3. Statements: All scholars are eccentric.
                                    No woman is eccentric.
                                    All eccentrics are studies.
        Conclusions:    I. No woman is a scholar.
II. All studies being scholar is a possibility.
4. Statements: Some eggs are hard-boiled.
                                    No eggs are uncrackable.
Conclusions:    I. Some hard-boiled are uncrackable.
II. No hard-boiled are uncrackable.
5. Statements: Some perfumes reek badly.
                                    All perfumes are expensive.
                                    All expensive things are unique.
Conclusions:
I. There is a possibility that all unique things are perfumes.
II. Unique things can never reek badly.

Directions (Q. 6-10): Study the following information to answer the given questions.
A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement. All the numbers are two-digit numbers.
Input:       43 may june july 85 65 august april 24 68 28 march february 12
Step I:      may 43 june july 65 august april 24 68 28 march february 12 85
Step II:    march may 43 june july august april 24 68 28 february 12 85 65
Step III:   june march may july august april 24 68 28 february 12 85 65 43
Step IV:   july june march may august april 24 68 28 february 85 65 43 12
Step V:     february july june march may august april 68 28 85 65 43 12 24
Step VI:   august february july june march may april 68 85 65 43 12 24 28
Step VII:  april august february july june march may 85 65 43 12 24 28 68
Step VII is the last step. As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the input given below.
Input:    sunday thursday 99 78 tuesday wednesday 85 19 friday 98 56 monday 22 saturday
6. Which of the following will be step IV of the rearrangement?
        1) saturday sunday tuesday thursday wednesday 78 friday 98 monday 99 85 19 22 56
        2) sunday saturday tuesday wednesday thursday 78 friday 98 monday 99 85 19 22 56
        3) sunday saturday tuesday thursday wednesday 78 friday 98 monday 99 85 19 22 56
        4) sunday saturday tuesday thursday wednesday 78 friday 98 monday 85 19 99 22 56
        5) None of these
7. Which of the following is third to the right of the one that is eighth from the right end in step VI?
        1) 85                                       2) friday
        3) sunday                              4) 19
        5) None of these
8. What will be the position of ‘wednesday’ in step V?
        1) Fifth from the left           2) Eighth from the right
        3) Sixth from the right        4) Eighth from the left
        5) None of these
9. Which of the following will be the last step of the rearrangement?
        1) monday sunday saturday tuesday thursday wednesday friday 98 99 85 19 22 56 78
        2) friday monday sunday saturday tuesday thursday wednesday 98 85 99 19 22 56 78
        3) friday monday sunday saturday thursday tuesday wednesday 99 85 19 22 56 98
        4) friday monday sunday saturday tuesday wednesday thursday 98 85 99 56 22 78
        5) None of these
10. How many elements (words or numbers) are there between ‘tuesday’ and ‘98’ as they appear in the third step of the output?
        1) One                    2) Two                   3) Four
        4) Five                    5) Six

Answers:

  1. 5
  2. 1
  3. 5
  4. 3
  5. 1
(6-10);
The word–number arrangement machine rearranges one word and one number at a time in each step. It rearranges words in reverse alphabetical order from left, and numbers from right. The odd numbers are arranged in descending order and then the even numbers in ascending order.
Input: sunday thursday 99 78 tuesday wednesday 85 19 friday 98 56 monday 22 saturday
Step I: wednesday sunday thursday 78 tuesday 85 19 friday 98 56 monday 22 saturday 99
Step II: tuesday wednesday sunday thursday 78 19 friday 98 56 monday 22 saturday 99 85
Step III: thursday tuesday wednesday sunday 78 friday 98 56 monday 22 saturday 99 85 19
Step IV: sunday thursday tuesday wednesday 78 friday 98 56 monday saturday 99 85 19 22
Step V: saturday sunday thursday tuesday wednesday 78 friday 98 monday 99 85 19 22 56
Step VI: monday saturday sunday thursday tuesday wednesday friday 98 99 85 19 22 56 78
Step VII: friday monday saturday sunday thursday tuesday wednesday 99 85 19 22 56 78 98
6. 5
7. 1
8. 1
9. 5
10. 3
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