National Martyrs’ Day – 30th January

National Martyrs’ Day - 30th January

Every year on January 30, Martyrs’ Day is observed. The day honors all those who gave their lives for the nation. Martyrs’ Day which is also known Sarvodaya Day or Shaheed Diwas also marks the assassination of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
M K Gandhi who is fondly Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse in 1948.
National Martyrs’ Day – 30th January

Gandhi ji who is also known as Bapu and Father of nation played an important role during the independence movement. This day in 1948 was the saddest day for the nation as the Gandhiji took his last breath in the Birla House during evening prayers.

How is the day observed?

On this day, president, vice president and prime minister, defense minister and all the three chiefs of defense services assemble at the Samadhi at Raj Ghat memorial and lay wreaths.
Government organizations blow sirens and observe a two-minute silence in memory of Indian martyrs. Many hold prayers and sing tributes and pay respects to all Indian martyrs and Mahatma Gandhi. Several schools and educational institutes also commemorate the day. School kids dress like Bapu and conduct events and perform plays on this day.
Apart from this day, there are many days which are observed as Martyrs’ Day. Yes, another Martyrs’ Day falls on 23 March. The same commemorates the death anniversary of Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar.
November 17 is also observed as Martyrs Day in Orissa to observe the death anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai. And November 19 is also observed as Shaheed diwas in the state of Jhansi to commemorate the birth anniversary of Rani Laxmibai.

70th Death Anniversary of the Father of the Nation

The nation today remembers Mahatma Gandhi, as it observes the 70th death anniversary of the father of the nation. Gandhi was shot dead 69 years ago on January 30, 1948, by Nathuram Godse.
President Ram Nath Kovind, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Congress president Rahul Gandhi among other leaders will pay their tribute to Gandhi at Rajghat on this occasion.

Martyr Days in India

In India, there are several days declared as Martyrs’ Day (at national level also known as Sarvodaya day). They are named in honour of those who are recognised as martyrs for the nation.
  • 30 January
  • 23 March
  • 21 October
  • 17 November
  • 19 November

1. 30 January

30 January is the date observed at the national level. The date was chosen as it marks the assassination of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in 1948, by Nathuram Godse. On Martyr’s Day the president, the vice president, the prime minister, the defence minister, and the three Service Chiefs gather at the samadhi at Raj Ghat memorial and lay wreaths decorated with multi-colour flowers. The armed forces personnel blow bugles sounding the Last Post. The inter-services contingent reverse arms as a mark of respect. A two-minute silence in memory of Indian martyrs is observed throughout the country at 11 AM. Participants hold all-religion prayers and sing tributes

2. 23 March

The anniversary of the deaths of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru on 23 March, 1931, is declared to be Martyr’s Day.

3. 21 October

India observes 21 October, the Police Commemoration Day.

4. 17 November

Orissa observes 17 November, the death anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai (1865–1928), the “Lion of Punjab”, a leader in the Indian fight for freedom from the British Raj.

5. 19 November

The birthday of Rani Lakshmibai, 19 November,1828, queen of the Maratha-ruled princely state of Jhansi, is observed as Martyrs’ Day in the region, and honours those who gave their lives in the rebellion of 1857, of which she was a leading figure.

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