Making Friends: on AIADMK Merger :Learn Vocabulary (THE HINDU ARTICLE)

Making Friends: on AIADMK Merger :Learn Vocabulary (THE HINDU)

The BJP would like a united AIADMK as an ally, but with a weak leadership

In theory, the two factions of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam have every reason to merge. The original cause of the split, the dominance of the Sasikala family in the party, is now seemingly irrelevant: Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami, who was elected as the leader of the AIADMK legislature party at a meeting presided over by V.K. Sasikala, is more assertive now, shepherding a resolution to rescind the appointment of her nephew, T.T.V. Dhinakaran, as deputy general secretary of the party. Also, both factions need to retrieve the party election symbol, Two Leaves, that has been frozen by the Election Commission. This is unlikely without a formal merger. However, things are not exactly what they seem. Despite the distancing from Mr. Dhinakaran, the ruling faction of the AIADMK, the AIADMK (Amma), is hesitant to speak harshly of Ms. Sasikala, other than to say the party’s cadres would not like anyone else to occupy the post of “permanent general secretary” held by Jayalalithaa. O. Panneerselvam, the leader of the breakaway faction, met Prime Minister Narendra Modi to “convey the sentiments of the AIADMK cadres”, a shorthand for opposition to the merger proposal. With elections to the Lok Sabha two years away, and to the State Assembly four years away, there is no pressure to hurry through with the merger process. But issues that stand in the way, the competing ambitions of Mr. Palaniswami and Mr. Panneerselvam, and the acute differences over sharing ministerial berths and party posts, are unlikely to disappear. The demand for constituting a probe into Jayalalithaa’s death is a cover for other unstated claims to power and pelf. After months of deep distrust, the two factions are not going to magically come together all of a sudden without working out a practical power-sharing arrangement.

1)Rescind (Verb)  (रद्द कर देना): ri-sind
Meaning - to take back; cancel
Synonyms - revoke, repeal, cancel/reverse.
Antonyms -  allow, mandate, establish
Example - Once their union demands were met, the workers agreed to rescind the strike.

2)Pelf (Noun) (एक बेईमान तरीके से प्राप्त धन ) - pelf
Meaning - (money (gained in a dishonest way).
Synonyms -lucre, wealth
Antonyms - debt, hardship, indigence
Example -The gang member was angry when he found out his partner in crime spent all of the pelf they had stolen from the bank.

3)Preside (Verb) (सभापति होना) - pri-zahyd
Meaning - be in the position of authority in a meeting or other gathering ,to be in charge of something as the leader
Synonyms -  be in charge of, head, manage/administer.
Antonyms -  follow, serve, obey
Example -Judge Jagdip Singh will preside over the case and make a final ruling on the matter.

4)Wield (Verb)  (कुशलता के साथ फिराना ) - weeld
Meaning - To control an item with competence, in particular a tool or weapon
Synonyms- exercise, exert, manage/control.
Antonyms - mismanage, suppress, neglect, enclose
Example - He wields a great deal of influence over his students.

5)Faction (Noun)   (गुट) - fak-shun
Meaning -  a group within a larger group that has different ideas and opinions than the rest of the group
Synonyms- a small group, section, division (of dissenter within a large group).
Antonyms -  entirety, total, unity
Example - Although I disagree with my political leaders, I am not in such disagreement that I want to break off and start my own faction to oppose their policies.

6)Shepherd (Verb) (निर्देशित करना ) -   shep-erd
Meaning -  to guide someone the right way (over a flock of sheep)
Synonyms -  guide, conduct, lead.
Antonyms -  mislead, misguide, follow
Example -The passenger was shepherd across the tarmac to the airliner.

7)Foothold (Noun)  (निरंतर, दीर्घकालिक) - foot-hohld
Meaning -  a secure position from which further progress may be made.
Synonyms - hold, grip, anchorage, purchase.
Antonyms -  discharge, ineffective, impotent
Example -  Flipcart has now a very strong foothold in India.

8)Lulled (Verb) (सो जाना ) - lulled
Meaning - calm or send to sleep, typically with soothing sounds or movements
Synonyms - calm, compose, assuaged
Antonyms -  agitated, awakened, aroused
Example -A sound in his ears as of a banner unfolding in the joyful distance lulled him.

9)Prophetic (Adjective) (भविष्यवाणी) - pruh-fet-ik
Meaning -accurately predicting what will happen in the future
Synonyms -mantic, occult
Antonyms -  unpredictive, unprophetic
Example -If I had prophetic abilities, I would be picking up my lottery winnings right now.

10)Discordant (Adjective) (बेताल ,विरुद्ध) - dis-kawr-dnt
Meaning - harsh or unpleasant in sound, disagreeing or incongruous.
Synonyms- clashing, strident, unpleasant
Antonyms - similar, agreeable
Example - The discordant sound of the teacher’s high-pitched voice silenced the class.

Now it's time to check your vocabulary. We have given below some words from the same article. Try to make sentences with these words in the comment section which will be reviewed by us.
  • Distrust
  • Retrieve
  • Assertive
  • Unlikely

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