1. Effect: This year, majority of the final year students of the management institute have opted for finance as specialisation.  
Which of the following can be a probable cause of the above effect?
  1. Last year, most of the students with HR specialisation got better job offers than the students of other specialisations.
  2. The management institute offers only finance specialisation to its final year students.
  3. Last year,the students with finance specialisation bagged most of the lucrative offers vis-a-vis students of other specialisation.
  4. The management institute has recently started its finance specialisation in addition to marketing and HR being offered earlier.
  5. None of these

2. There is a shift in the orientation of our economy from manufacturing to service. The increased demand in service sector will require managers to work with people rather than with objects and things in the assembly line.
This passage best supports which of the following statements?
  • 1)Managers should have a balanced mind.
  • 2)Assembly line will exist in service-oriented organisations.
  • 3)Interpersonal skills will become more important at work place in future.
  • 4)Manufacturing-oriented organisations ignore the importance of people.
  • 5)Service-oriented organisations will not deal with objects.

Directions (Q. 3-5): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below. 
Eco-fundamentalists have long campaigned for restricting industries and urbanisation to barren rocky areas, leaving fertile areas reserved for agriculture. The judiciary must steer clear of this Luddite approach. Great cities in the world over are located on fertile land along rivers, not in barrens, wastes, deserts or rocky mountain-tops. The Nile valley is the most crowded in the world, but the solution is not to move Cairo into the desert. Productivity in cities is far higher than in agriculture.

3. Which of the following is a conclusion which can be drawn from the facts stated in the above passage?
  • 1)Except the Nile valley, there has been no urbanisation in any other river valley in the world.
  • 2)Productivity is considered over and above the environmental concerns in all cases around the world.
  • 3)River valleys around the world have been ravaged by rapid industrialisation and urbanisation.
  • 4)The authorities should turn a deaf ear to the hardcore environmental activists.
  • 5)None of these

4. Which of the following assumptions is implicit in the above passage?
  • 1)Those who subscribe to urbanisation on fertile land take into account the greater productivity of cities.
  • 2)Barren and rocky areas are suitable for industrialisation and urbanisation.
  • 3)The Indus valley is less crowded than the Nile valley.
  • 4)Voices have been raised to shift Cairo to the desert.
  • 5)None of these

5. Which of the following is a result/repercussion in the light of the facts given in the above passage?
  • 1)Despite rapid urbanisation, majority of people in the developing world are still living in rural areas.
  • 2)It has been empirically established that not only industrialisation in the developed countries but also rapid and unplanned urbanisation in the developing countries has greatly contributed to global warming.
  • 3)The conversion of agricultural areas into cities has forced people to become dependent on genetically modified crops.
  • 4)Lack of agriculture land has led to the conversion of urban hubs into more productive areas.
  • 5)None of these

Directions (Q. 6-7): Read the following passage and examine each inference given below it in the context of this passage.
Make your answer as
1) if the inference is ‘definitely true’.
2) if the inference is ‘probably true’.
3) if the data provided are ‘inadequate’.
4) if the inference is ‘probably false’.
5) if the inference is ‘definitely false’.

Our country needs about nine to ten per cent of yearly increase in power capacity. That means from the present 86000 MW we have today, we require an additional 8000 to 10000 MW every year. The private industries or the foreign ones may contribute 1000 to 2000 MW. So, basically, 90 per cent of capacity addition will have to be done by public sector companies. But government can’t continuously give money for this. This means that the tariff has to be regulated to generate money, not based on the cost of 25 years ago. If this happens, optimal utilisation of power will take place. It will not be wasted.

6.Once we attain 10 per cent increase in the present power capacity for a few years, we will have little problem.

7.There is a likelihood of increase in power tariffs in future.

Directions (Q. 8-9): Each question given below consists of a statement followed by four arguments numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to decide which of the arguments is strong and which is weak and accordingly choose your answer from the alternatives given below each question.
8. Statement: Should the consumption of aerated drinks be banned in India?

I.Yes, this is the only way to reduce the risk of exposing people to some of the diseases.
II.No, each individual has the right to choose what he wants.
III.No, there is no confirmed evidence that such products have adverse effects on human body.
IV.Yes, it is banned in many other countries also.
  • 1) Only I is strong
  • 2) Only I and II are strong
  • 3) Only III is strong
  • 4) Only I and IV are strong
  • 5) All are strong

9. Statement: Should there be reservation in jobs in organisations in the private sector also as is the case in public sector companies in India?
I.Yes, this would give more opportunities of development to the weaker sections of society and, thus, help reduce the gap between the affluent and the downtrodden in India.
II.No, the private sector does not get any government assistance and, therefore, they should not be saddled with such policies.
III.No, nowhere else in the world is such a practice being followed.
IV.No, the management of private sector companies would not agree to such compulsions.

  • 1) Only I is strong
  • 2) Only I and II are strong
  • 3) Only II and IV are strong
  • 4) Only I and IV are strong
  • 5) All are strong

Answers :-------------
  1. 3
  2. 3
  3. 4
  4. 1
  5. 5
  6. 1
  7. 1
  8. 3
  9. 2

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