As the most powerful and cohesive power in the region, India needs to chart a road map to restore the ceasefire on the Line of Control. The brutal killing of three Indian soldiers, one of them beheaded, in the Machhil sector in Jammu and Kashmir must alert both India and Pakistan to the danger of the retaliatory cycle spinning out of control. After decades of hostilities, the formal ceasefire of November 2003 had come as a big boost to peace at a time when India was grappling with militancy, state-sponsored terrorism and political disaffection. Starting that winter, the guns fell silent along the International Boundary and the LoC, thousands of residents of border villages on both sides returned to their farms, and India was able to complete its fence along the LoC. Militancy in J&K declined significantly, and normalcy gradually returned to the Valley. It is a matter of debate if the ceasefire was a contributing factor in the reduction in militancy in Kashmir, but cover fire provided by Pakistani military posts along the border had been regularly used by militants to sneak into India. This is reportedly how the terrorists who killed Indian soldiers on Tuesday managed to get across the LoC.

It is clear now that the ongoing, almost daily, exchange of fire has rendered the ceasefire meaningless. Ever since the terrorist attack on an Army camp in Uri in September, tensions have bubbled over. Ceasefire violations have become routine, and thousands of villagers have shifted to safer locations. Small arms, light machine guns, various kinds of mortars and artillery are being used by both sides. In the fog of hostilities, it is not easy to distinguish who is the guilty, and who started the firing. What is clear is that this race to the bottom could get out of hand. Contributing to the uncertainty is the power struggle in Pakistan, with the civilian government of Nawaz Sharif trying to hold its own vis-à-visthe army. The expected exit of Army chief Raheel Sharif may add to the confusion, as the new chief settles in. However, in New Delhi, the picture is far clearer. Given India’s regional status and Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s unchallenged hold over political power, it is incumbent on him to initiate steps to restore the ceasefire that worked well for over a decade. It is not only that peace is an absolute requisite for his government’s grand economic plans, including demonetisation, to work; India and Pakistan must guard against adventurism in an increasingly unpredictable world.


1. Cohesive (adjective) (जोड़नेवाला)  characterized by or causing cohesion
  • Synonyms – adhesive, connected
  • Antonyms – detached, divided
  • Ex: After six weeks of training together, our group bonded and became quite cohesive.

2. Beheaded (verb) (मौत की सजा दी)– cut off the head of (someone), especially as a form of execution
  • Synonyms – execute, head
  • Ex: John beheaded in the prison.

3. Retaliatory (noun) (मुंहतोड़)– act of revenge
  • Synonyms – penal, punishing
  • Antonyms – beneficial, rewarding
  • Ex: The country will more than likely retaliate against the sanctions with its own trade restrictions.

4. Hostilities (noun) (शत्रुता)– hostile behaviour, unfriendliness or opposition
  • Synonyms – enmity, hatred
  • Antonyms – happiness, peace
  • Ex: Hostilities were to cease for five years.

5. Disaffection (noun) (असंतोष– a state or feeling of being dissatisfied, especially with people in authority or a system of control
  • Synonyms – animosity, disloyalty
  • Antonyms – sympathy, harmony
  • Ex: There is growing disaffection with large corporations.

6. Sneak (verb) (उचक्का)– move or go in a furtive or stealthy way
  • Synonyms – cheater, wretch
  • Ex: I sneaked out by the back exit.

7. Rendered (verb) (प्रदान की गई है) – provide or give (a service, help, etc.)
  • Synonyms – accomplished, concluded
  • Ex: My donation is going to the local soup kitchen because I know it will use the funds to render food to the homeless.

8. Violations (noun) (उल्लंघन) – the action of violating someone or something
  • Synonyms – infraction, offence
  • Antonyms – obedience, observance
  • Ex: It was a violation of multiple rules within the Immortal Code.

9. Incumbent (adjective) (निर्भर) – necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility
  • Synonyms – binding, necessary
  • Antonyms – unnecessary
  • Ex: After twenty years in office, the incumbent politician is finally retiring from politics.

10.Insouciant  (चिंतामुक्त) – showing a casual lack of concern
  • Synonyms – breezy, jaunty
  • Antonyms – anxious, nervous
  • Example – From her mother, she inherited a tall figure and long, shiny hair along with the insouciant way with fashion that made her mother also a famous clotheshorse.

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