Complex Reasoning for IBPS PO / CLERK / RRB / IPPB

Directions (Q. 1-4): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
Mr X is trying to make a team of four players for a tennis tournament. He has seven players for that purpose. Among them. A, B and C are males and M, N, O and P are females. All players are of equal ability and there must be at least two males in a team. For a team of four, all players must be able to play with each other. Player B cannot play with player M. Player C cannot play with Player P. Player M cannot play with Player O.
1.If Player O is selected and Player B is rejected then the team will consist of which of these four players?
  • 1) A, C, M and O
  • 2) A, C, N and O
  • 3) A, C, P and O
  • 4) A, N, P and O
  • 5) None of these

2.If Player M is on the team, which other players must be there on the team?
  • 1) A, B and N
  • 2) A, C and N
  • 3) A, C and O
  • 4) A, C and P
  • 5) None of these

3.Which statement(s) is/are false considering the above information?
(A) Player B and C are never selected together.
(B) Player C and O are never selected together.
(C) Player C and N are never selected together.
  • 1) Only A
  • 2) Only B
  • 3) Only C
  • 4) Only A and B
  • 5) A, B and C

4.Which statement is certainly true?
(A) If M plays, A also plays.
(B) If O plays, B also plays.
(C) If M plays, O also plays.
  • 1) Only C
  • 2) Only B
  • 3) Only A
  • 4) Only A and B
  • 5) Only A and C

5.Many children today eat so much sugary processed food that tooth decay has become a more serious problem than ever. Periodic brushing can protect children’s teeth only if they also receive regular twice-yearly professional cleaning. Hence, the dental reimbursement plans offered by most of the companies are adequate to protect the dental health of at least some children.
Which of the following is an assumption implied in the argument?
  • 1) In the past, children did not require twice-yearly professional cleaning to protect their teeth from decay.
  • 2) Some dental reimbursement plans offered by companies are adequate to protect the dental health of children who do not consume sugary processed food.
  • 3) No single dental reimbursement plan suits the dental health needs of all families.
  • 4) The dental reimbursement plans offered by some companies do not provide for regular twice-yearly professional cleaning of children’s teeth.
  • 5) None of these

6.A study of former college athletes revealed that as a group, they are five times less likely to die before the age of fifty than the general population at large. It is advised that colleges should vastly expand their athletic departments so that a larger proportion of all the students can participate in athletics, thereby increasing the overall life expectancy of their students.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the above argument?
  • 1) The students who voluntarily participate in college athletics are more predisposed to good health than those who do not.
  • 2) People who become active after leading student lives can remarkably decrease their chances of reducing heart disease.
  • 3) Few colleges have the resources to increase spending on athletics, a non-essential university programme.
  • 4)College athletes are better suited to succeed in society than the students who do not participate in college athletics.
  • 5) Either 3) or 4)

Direction (Q. 7): In the question below is given statement followed by two conclusions numbered A and B. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows.
7. Statement: 
The greatest advantage of democracy over all other forms of government is not that the men who have gone to the top are exceptionally wise, but that since their power depends upon popular support, they know that they cannot retain their positions if they are guilty of more than a modicum of injustice.
  • (A)In a democracy, persons in power will not act arbitrarily.
  • (B) Democratic countries cannot have excellent lead.
  • 1) Only conclusion A follows
  • 2) Only conclusion B follows
  • 3) Either conclusion A or conclusion B follows
  • 4) Neither conclusion A nor conclusion B follows
  • 5) Both conclusions A and conclusion B follow

Direction (Q. 8): In the question given below is a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.
8. Statement: 
One of the problems facing the food processing industry is the irregular supply of raw materials. The producers of raw materials are not getting reasonable price.
Course of action:
I. The government should regulate the supply of raw materials to other industries also.
II. The government should announce an attractive package to ensure regular supply of raw materials for food processing industry.
Which course(s) of action follow(s)?
  • 1) Only I follows
  • 2) Only II follows
  • 3) Either I or II follows
  • 4) Neither I nor II follows
  • 5) Both I and II follow

Answers ----------------
  1. 2
  2. 2
  3. 5
  4. 3
  5. 1
  6. 2
  7. 1
  8. 2

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