Logical Reasoning Quiz for Banking | IBPS | SBI | RBI - 10 (SYLLOGISM)

Directions (1-5): In each of the questions below, two/three statements are given followed by conclusions/group of conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume all the statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from the commonly known facts and then decide which of the given two conclusions logically follows from the information given in the statements. Give answers:

  • (A) If only conclusion I follows
  • (B) If only conclusion II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows
  • (E) If both I and II follow
Direction (1-2):  All songs are poems.
                             All poems are rhymes.
                            No rhymes is a paragraph.
1. CONCLUSIONS: I. All rhymes are poems.
                                   II. All songs are rhymes.

2. CONCLUSIONS: I. No song is a paragraph.
                                   II. No poem is a paragraph.

3.  STATEMENT:    Some dews are drops.
                                   All drops are stones.
     CONCLUSIONS: I. At least some dews are stones.
                                    II. At least some stones are drops.

      STATEMENTS (4-5): Some squares are circles.
                                          No circle is a triangle.
                                          No line is a square.

4. CONCLUSIONS: I. No triangle is a square.
                                   II. No line is a circles.
5. CONCLUSIONS: I. All squares can never be triangles.
                                  II. Some lines are circles.

Directions (6-11): In each question below are two/three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II.
You have to take the two/three given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts. Give answer:

  • (A) If only conclusion I follows.
  • (B) If only conclusion II follows.
  • (C) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.
  • (D) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
  • (E) If both conclusion I and conclusion II follow.
STATEMENTS: Some teachers are professors.
                             Some lecturers are teachers.

6. CONCLUSIONS: I. No professor is a lecturer.
                                   II. All lecturers being professor is a possibility.

7. CONCLUSIONS: I. All teachers as well as all professors being lecturers is a possibility.
                                   II. All those teachers who are lecturers are also professors.

8. STATEMENTS: All minutes are seconds.
                                     All second are hours.
                                     No second is a day.
     CONCLUSIONS: I. No day is an hour.
                                   II. At least some hours are minutes.

9. STATEMENTS: Some gases are liquids.
                                    All liquids are water.
    CONCLUSIONS: I. All gases being water is a possibility.
                                  II. All such gases which are not water can never be liquids.

10. STATEMENTS: No house is an apartment.
                                       Some bungalows are apartments.
       CONCLUSIONS: I. No house is a bungalow.
                                     II. All bungalows are houses.

11. STATEMENTS: All rings are circles.
                                   All squares are rings.
                                   No ellipse is a circle.
       CONCLUSIONS: I. Some rings being ellipses is a possibility.
                                     II. At least some circles are squares.

Directions for (12 to 29): In each of the following question, give answer:
  • (A) if only conclusion I follows
  • (B) if only conclusion II follows
  • (C) if either conclusion I or II follows
  • (D) if neither conclusion I nor II follows
  • (E) if both conclusions I and II follows
12. STATEMENTS: No air is wind.
                                      All wind are typhoons.
      CONCLUSION: I. No air is typhoon
                                II. All air being typhoon is a possibility.

13. STATEMENT: Some papers are boards.
                                    No board is a card.
      CONCLUSION: I. No card is paper.
                               II. Some papers are cards.

14. STATEMENT: Some papers are boards
                                    No board is a card.
       CONCLUSION: I. All cards being papers is a possibility.
                                II. All papers being cards is a possibility.

15. STATEMENT: Some diamonds are stones.
                                    All rocks are stones.
      CONCLUSION: I. No rock is a diamond.
                                II. All diamonds being stones is a possibility.

ANSWER KEY---------------------


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