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Analytical Reasoning MCQ for IBPS PO/RRB

Analytical Reasoning MCQ for IBPS PO/RRB

Directions (Q. 1-5): Below in each question are given two statements (a) and (b). These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choices correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements mark answer
  • 1) if statements (a) is the cause and statement (b) is its effect.
  • 2) if statement (b) is the cause and statement (a) is its effect.
  • 3) if both the statements (a) and (b) are independent causes.
  • 4) if both the statements (a) and (b) are effects of independent causes.
  • 5) if both the statements are effects of some common cause.

1. 
(a) The committee appointed by the Government on the fee structure of the professional courses has drastically reduced the fees of various courses in comparison to those charged in the last year.
(b) The parents of aspiring students seeking admission to professional courses had launched a severe agitation protesting against the high fees charged by the professional institutes and the admission process was delayed considerably.

2. 
(a) The farmers have decided against selling their Kharif crops to the Government agencies.
(b) The Government has reduced the procurement price of Kharif crops starting from last month to the next six months.

3. 
(a) The Reserve Bank of India has recently put restrictions on few small banks in the country.
(b) The small banks in the private and cooperative sector in India are not in a position to withstand the competitions of the bigger banks in the public sector.

4. 
(a) The performance of Indian sportspersons in the recently held Olympics could not reach the level of expectation the country had on them.
(b) The performance of Indian sports persons in the last Asian games was far better than any previous games.

5. 
(a) Large number of people living in the low lying areas have been evacuated during the last few days to safer places.
(b) The Government has rushed in relief supplies to the people living in the affected areas,

Directions (Q. 6-10): Below is given a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity. Mark answer—
  1. if the inference is ‘definitely true’, i.e., it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
  2. if the inference is ‘probably true’ though not ‘definitely true’ in the light of the facts given.
  3. 3) if the ‘data are inadequate’, i.e., from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
  4. 4) if the inference is ‘probably false’, though not ‘definitely false’ in the light of the facts given.
  5. 5) if the inference is ‘definitely false’, i.e., it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.

The performance of Indian agriculture is largely dependent on amount of rainfall across the country. A substantive part of the cultivable land is dependent on irrigation which is directly related to monsoon. However, agriculture and allied activities account for less than even one-forth of the total GDP. The component of the manufacturing sector that depends on agriculture for the supply of intermediates is not very high, which suggests that the structure of industrialization has changed over the years. Several components of the tertiary sector that are crucial for the growth of the rest of the economy have grown sizeably, thanks to IT and BPO. So it is less likely that aggregate economic growth will be adversely affected if rainfall is scanty. Yet, a somewhat different picture emerges if we look deeper into the matter. Still, a very significant chunk of the population and workforce depends on agriculture for its livelihood. A decline in agriculture reduces per capita food availability, which in turn, pulls down the standard of living.

6. Agro based activities constitute more than 25 per cent of GDP in India.

7. The industrialization process had undergone significant changes over the past few decades.

8. Non-industrial and non-agricultural sector activities have considerably grown over the past few years.

9. Weak monsoon have adverse effect on GDP even though non-agricultural sector activities may continue to be the same.

10. Manufacturing sector no longer depends on agricultural sector.

Answers:

  1. 2
  2. 2
  3. 2
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 5; In the passage it is said, “Agriculture and allied activities account for less than even one fourth of the total G.D.P. Hence the given inference is definitely false.
  7. 2; In the passage it is said, the structure of industrilization has changed over the years. Hence the given inference is probably true.
  8. 1; It is clear from the passage— ‘Several components of the tertiary sector that are crucial for the growth of the rest of the economy have grown sizeably’. Hence the given inference is definitely true.
  9. 3
  10. 4
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