English Quiz for IBPS/NICL (New Pattern)

Directions (Q. 1-5 ): Which of the phrases 1), 2), 3) and 4) given below each statement should replace the phrase printed in bold in the sentence to make it grammatically correct? If the sentence is correct as it is given and no correction is required, mark 5) as the answer.
1. The grim job market has taken its toll on students, many of those had hoped for a much better future.
1) much of whom
2) many of whom
3) several of those
4) many of which
5) No correction required
2. The relationship we have with our clients are the cornerstone of our future.
1) our client are
2) each clients is
3) our clients is
4) all clients are
5) No correction required
3. Many developed countries have been attempting to buy agricultural land in other countries to meet their own demand.
1) has been attempting
2) have being attempting
3) are being attempting
4) have been attempted
5) No correction required
4. A nuclear testing fills the air with radioactive dust and left the area uninhabitable.
1) and leaves the
2) also leaves the
3) and leaving the
4) and making the
5) No correction required
5. Modern ideas of governance started back to the time when people began to question kings.
1) started when
2) set back to
3) start back to
4) date back to
5) No correction required
Directions (Q. 6-10): Read the following passage and answer the questions given below it. Certain words in the passage are given in bold to help you locate them easily while answering some of the questions.
Comfort is now one of the causes of its own spread. It has now become a physical habit, a fashion, an ideal to be pursued for its own sake. The more comfort is brought into the world, the more it is likely to be valued. To those who have known comfort, discomfort is a real torture. The fashion which now decrees the worship of comfort is quite as imperious as any other fashion. Moreover, enormous material interests are bound up with the supply of the means of comfort. The manufacturers of furniture, of heating apparatus, of plumbing fixtures cannot afford to let the love of comfort die. In modern advertisements they have found a means for compelling it to live and grow. A man of means today who builds a house is in general concerned primarily with the comfort of his future residence. He will spend a great deal of money on bathrooms, heating apparatus, padded furnishings, and having spent he will regard his house as perfect. His counterpart in an earlier age would have been primarily concerned with the impressiveness and magnificence of his dwelling, with beauty, in a word, rather than comfort. The money our contemporary would spend on baths and central heatings would have been spent on marble staircases, frescoes, pictures and statues. I am inclined to think that our present passion for comfort is a little exaggerated. Though I personally enjoy comfort, I have lived most happily in houses devoid of everything that Anglo-Saxons deem indispensable. Orientals and even South Europeans who know no comfort and live very much as our ancestors did centuries ago seem to go on very well without our elaborate apparatus and padded luxuries. However, comfort for me has a justification; it facilitates mental life. Discomfort handicaps thought; it is difficult to use the mind when the body is cold and aching.
6. Choose the word that is SIMILAR in meaning to the phrase devoid of as used in the passage.
1) Available
2) Lacking
3) Empty
4) False
5) Deficient
7. How do people manage to keep the love of comfort alive?
1) by pumping in more comfortable goods in the market
2) by sacrificing high profit on comfortable goods
3) by targeting youths in sales campaign
4) By appealing to the emotions of people
5) None of these
8. What is the author’s prediction about comfort?
1) The value of comfort will increase.
2) People will value spirituality more, thus reducing the value of comfort.
3) People will desire simple lifestyle.
4) The advertisements will reduce the comfort aspect of goods.
5) None of these
9. What was the characteristic of an affluent man of earlier age?
1) He used to put higher premium on comfort.
2) He used to rely more on advertisements.
3) He believed more in simple and cheaper things.
4) He was more qualitative in his emphasis rather than being quantitative.
5) His emphasis was on beauty.
10. What change, according to the author, has taken place in the attitude towards comfort?
1) It is taken for granted in the modern way of living.
2) It has now become an ideal to be pursued for its own sake.
3) It is now believed that discomfort handicaps thought.
4) It is thought that comfort helps body and mind to function effectively.
5) None of these
Directions (Q. 11-14): In each of the following sentences there are two blanks. Below easch sentence there are five pairs of words denoted by the numbers 1), 2), 3), 4), and 5). Find out which pair of words can be filled up in the blanks in the sentence in the same sequence to make it meaningfully complete.
11. Centre should ____ ministries whose functions ____ with the state ministries to save money, deliver efficiently and avoid duplication of work.
1) finish, differ
2) establish, contradict
3) constitute, matches
4) abolish, overlap
5) block, vary
12. Many people ____ genetically modified food but the reality is that all the food that we eat has been genetically modified naturally by thousands of years of ____.
1) praise, manipulation
2) grow, mismanagement
3) criticise, farming
4) avoid, experience
5) condemn, abuse
13. Given that only seven per cent of the country’s labour force is in the organised sector, training options ____ for the unorganised sectors should also be ____.
1) available, enhanced
2) absent, improved
3) lacking, sustained
4) existing, restricted
5) offered, limited
14. Government initiatives and participation of many industrial houses in_______loans to the villagers have led to the_______of the farmers.
1) providing, plight
2) disbursing, betterment
3) denying, revitalisation
4) subsidising, suffering
5) taking, advancement


  1. 2
  2. 3
  3. 5
  4. 1
  5. 4
  6. 2
  7. 1
  8. 5
  9. 5
  10. 2
  11. 4
  12. 3
  13. 1
  14. 2
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