Human Body Diseases & affected Body Parts (मानव शरीर की बीमारियां और उनसे प्रभावित होने वाले शरीर अंग)

This post describes a wide range of diseases that affect the different parts of the human body.

Human Body Diseases & affected Body Parts (मानव शरीर की बीमारियां और उनसे प्रभावित होने वाले शरीर अंग)

This post describes a wide range of diseases that affect the different parts of the human body.

Diseases that Affects the Digestive System

The human digestive system consists of the mouth (tongue, salivary glands & teeth), pharynx, esophagus, diaphragm, stomach, spleen, liver, pancreas,  and intestines.

The diseases that affect the Digestive System are as follows:
  • Diabetes − Pancreas 
  • Cirrhosis − Liver
  • Hepatitis − Liver
  • Jaundice − Liver
  • Malaria − Spleen
  • Pyorrhoea − Teeth
  • Scurvy − Gum
  • Gingivitis − Gum
  • Appendicitis − Large Intestine
  • Colitis − Large Intestine
  • Crohn's Disease − Large/Small Intestine
  • Diarrhea − Large/Small Intestine
  • Gastritis − Stomach
  • Glossitis − Tongue
  • Peptic/Gastric Ulcer − Stomach
  • Peritonitis − Abdomen
  • Cholecystitis − Gall Bladder

Diseases that Affects the Endocrine System

The Endocrine system deals with the pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid & parathyroid glands, adrenal glands, pancreas, and gonads.

The diseases that affect the Endocrine System are as follows:
  • Acromegaly (Gigantism) – Pituitary gland
  • Cushing's Disease − Pituitary gland
  • Diabetes − Pancreas 
  • Goiter − Thyroid
  • Grave's Diseases − Thyroid
  • Hyperthyroidism/Hypothyroidism − Thyroid

Diseases that Affects the Immune System

The immune system is the defender barrier of the body that protects from various disease-causing pathogens. The organs/body parts that play an important role in the immune system are lymph nodes & lymphatic vessels, thymus, spleen, tonsils, appendix, bone marrow, adenoid & Peyer's patches

The diseases that affect the immune system are as follows:
  • AIDS − Immune system of the body (CD4 helper cell or T cell)
  • Lupus
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Tonsillitis − Tonsils
  • Type 1 Diabetes

Diseases that Affects the Integumentary System 

The integumentary system helps the human body from various kinds of external damages, protects from diseases, helps to regulate body temperature, eliminates waste as sweat, etc. The integumentary system consists of hair, skin, exocrine glands, nerves, and nails.

The diseases that affect the integumentary system are as follows:
  • Albinism − Skin
  • Chickenpox − Skin
  • Dermatitis − Skin
  • Eczema − Skin
  • Herpes − Skin
  • Leprosy − Skin
  • Psoriasis − Skin
  • Skin Cancers
  • Vitiligo − Skin

Diseases that Affects the Musculoskeletal System

The musculoskeletal system/the locomotor system/the activity system consists of bones, muscles, cartilage tendons, ligaments, joints, and other connective tissues.

The diseases that affect the Musculoskeletal System are as follows:
  • Osteomyelitis – Bone
  • Rickets – Bone
  • Fibromyalgia − Bone & Muscles
  • Gout − Bone & Joints
  • Arthritis − Joints
  • Rheumatism − Joints 
  • Tendinitis − Tendon
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome − Hands
  • Tetanus − Skeletal Muscles

Diseases that Affects the Nervous System

The human nervous system consists of two main parts. They are the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system.  The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord whereas the peripheral nervous system is made up of nerves that branch off from the spinal cord and extend to all parts of the body.

The diseases that affect the Nervous System are as follows:
  • Bell's Palsy − Nerves (Facial)
  • Neuritis − Nerves
  • Paralysis − Nerves & Limbs
  • Epilepsy − Nerves & Brain
  • Alzheimer's Disease − Brain
  • Cerebral Palsy − Brain (Cerebral Cortex)
  • Dementia − Brain
  • Meningitis − Brain
  • Parkinson's Disease − Brain
  • Syncope − Brain
  • Multiple Sclerosis − Brain & Spinal Cord 
  • Meningitis − Brain & Spinal Cord 
  • Myelitis − Spinal Cord 
  • Tetanus − Spinal Cord 
  • Cataract − Eyes
  • Conjunctivitis − Eyes
  • Glaucoma − Eyes
  • Trachoma − Eyes
  • Uveitis − Eyes
  • Otitis − Ear
  • Tinnitus − Ear
  • Vertigo − Ear 

Diseases that Affects the Respiratory System

The respiratory system in human involves the respiratory tract, which in turn is divided into upper (nose, nasal cavities, sinuses, pharynx and the upper part of the larynx) and lower (lower part of the larynx, the trachea, bronchi, bronchioles & the alveoli) respiratory tracts.

The diseases that affect the Respiratory System are as follows:
  • Asthma − Bronchial muscles 
  • Common Cold
  • Carditis − Heart 
  • Diphtheria − Throat
  • Influenza
  • Measles
  • Mumps
  • Whooping Cough
  • Rhinitis − Nose
  • Bronchitis − Lungs
  • Pleurisy − Lungs
  • Pneumonia − Lungs
  • Tuberculosis − Lungs
  • Rubella
  • Smallpox
  • Tonsillitis − Tonsils
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) − Lungs

Diseases that Affects Reproductive System

The reproductive system in humans involves a collection of internal and external reproductive organs that differ based on gender.

The diseases that affect the Urinary System are as follows:
  • Gonorrhea
  • Syphilis
  • Chlamydia
  • Infertility
  • Cancer (of the Prostate gland, Cervix, Ovary, etc)
  • Endometriosis − Endometrium
  • Prostatitis − Prostate gland

Diseases that Affects the Urinary System

The urinary system/renal system /urinary tract consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, & urethra.

The diseases that affect the Urinary System are as follows:
  • Cystitis − Bladder
  • Nephrosis − Kidney
  • Nephrolith(Kidney Stone) − Kidney
  • Urethritis − Urethra
  • Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) − Lower urinary tract (kidney, ureters, bladder or urethra)
Human Body Diseases & affected Body Parts (मानव शरीर की बीमारियां और उनसे प्रभावित होने वाले शरीर अंग) in Hindi
  1. आथ्राइटिस (Aththitis) - जोडों की सूजन
  2. डिप्‍थीरिया (Diphtheria) - गला, श्‍वासनली
  3. एक्‍जीमा (Eczema) - त्‍वचा
  4. पीलिया (Jaundice) - यकृत
  5. प्‍लूरिसी (Plurici) - छाती
  6. पायरिया (Pairia) - दॉत और मसूढें
  7. गठिया या रैयुमैटिज्‍म (Arthritis or Rayomatism) - जोडों में परेशानी
  8. टिटनेस (Tetanus) - तंत्रि‍कातंत्र, मॉसपेशियॉ
  9. कुष्‍ठ (Leprosy) - त्‍वचा, तंत्रि‍काएं
  10. हैजा (Cholera) - आंत्र, आहार नाल
  11. कालीखांसी (Kalikansi) - श्‍वसन तंत्र
  12. प्‍लेग (Plague) - फेफडें, लाल रक्‍त कणिकांए
  13. केटेरेक्‍ट ग्‍लाइकोमा (Cataract Glycoma) - ऑखें
  14. दाद (Herpes) - त्‍वचा
  15. क्रिप्‍टो कॉकसिस (Cryptococcus) - स्‍नायुतंत्र
  16. हेपेटाइटिस बी (Hepatitis B) - यकृत
  17. ट्रेकोमा (Trachoma) - अग्‍नाशय, गुर्दे, ऑखें
  18. डायबिटीज (Diabetes) - अग्‍नाशय, गुर्दे, ऑखें
  19. घेंघा (Colloq) - थायराइट ग्रंथि
  20. निमोनिया (Pneumonia) - फेफडे
  21. पर्किसन (Percussion) - मस्तिष्‍क
  22. टायफाइड (Typhoid) - ऑत
  23. रिकेटस (Ricketts) - हडिडयॉ
  24. सिफलिस (Syphilis) - जनन अंग
  25. दस्‍त (Diarrhea) - बडी ऑत
  26. अतिसार (Diarrhea) - ऑत का अग्र भाग
  27. कालाअजार (Black Horse) - रूधिर, प्‍लीहा, अस्थिमज्‍जा
  28. एथलीट फूट (Athlete Foot ) - पैर
  29. छाले (Chalky) - गला व मॅुह
  30. मेनिन्‍जाइटिस (Meningitis) - रीढ की हडडी तथा मस्तिष्‍क

This topic, Human Body Diseases & affected Body Parts is very important part of the various HPAS/ IAS/ PSC,UPSC, SSC & Other Important Exams, often we found that one or two questions are asked about this especially for those who are preparing for exams related to the medical field.

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