Constitution of India: Complete List of All Articles of Indian Constitution 2021 (Download PDF)

Constitution of India: Complete List of All Articles of Indian Constitution 2021 (Download PDF)

Constitution of India: Complete List of All Articles of Indian Constitution 2021 (Download PDF)

Important Articles of the Constitution of India have always been a crucial part of GK and Current Affairs. Questions related to articles and amendments are regularly asked in competitive exams like IAS/ PCS/ HPAS / Allied Services &Various State & center Exams etc. Therefore, you should be familiar with important articles and information related to them. To help you get detailed information related to the Articles of the Indian Constitution we are sharing the following article "Constitution of India: Complete List of All Articles of Indian Constitution 2021 (Download PDF)". Very few of us are aware that at the time the Indian Constitution was commenced, there were 395 articles. These articles were divided into 22 parts and 8 schedules. Indian Constitution is already the longest Constitution in the world. It has now grown to 448 articles in 25 parts, 12 schedules with 5 appendices, and 102 amendments. To get precise information read the article to know about the Important Articles of the Constitution of India, and its schedules here.

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What do Important Articles of the Indian Constitution Deal With?

The Chief architect of the Constitution of India was Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949 and came into force on 26th January 1950. The information below covers the parts of the Constitution, important articles of the constitution of India, and schedules of the Constitution of India. Carefully go through the information below and note the subjects and articles allotted for them.

IThe Union and its territory1-4
IIIFundamental Rights12-35
IVState Policy Directive Principles36-51
IV. AFundamental Duties51-A
The Executive52-78
President’s Legislative Powers123
The Union Judiciary124-147
Comptroller and Auditor- General of India148-151
VITHE STATES          
General (Definition)152
The Executive153-167
The State Legislature168-212
Legislative Powers of the Governor213
The High Courts in the States214-231
Subordinate Courts233-237
VIIIThe Union Territories239-242
IXThe Panchayats243 to 243-0
IX-AThe Municipalities243-P to 243-ZG
IX-BThe Co-Operative Societies243-ZH to 243-ZT
XThe Scheduled and Tribal Areas244 to 244-A
Legislative Relations245-255
Administrative Relations256-263
Property, Contracts, Rights, Liabilities, Obligations, and Suits294-300
Right to Property300-A
XIIICommerce, Trade, and Intercourse inside the territory of India301-307
Public Service Commissions315-323
XIV- ATribunals323-A to 323-B
XVElections324 to 329
XVISpecial Provisions Relating to Certain Classes330-342
Language of the Union343-344
Regional Languages345- 347
Languages of the Supreme Court, High Courts, etc.348- 349
Special Directives350- 351
XVIIIEmergency Provisions352-360
XXAmendment of the Constitution368
XXITemporary, Transitional, and Special Provisions369-392
XXIIShort Title, Commencement, Authoritative Text in Hindi, and Repeals393-395

Importance of Fundamental Rights

Fundamental Rights are one part or section of the Constitution of India. This section provides rights to the people. Fundamental rights are considered to be the basic rights of the people of India. These are irrespective of religion, caste, gender, or creed. In India, there are 6 fundamental rights as the property right was omitted from the list of fundamental rights. It includes –

  • Right to Equality – Article 14 to 18
  • Right to Freedom – Article 19 to 22
  • Right against Exploitation – Article 23 to 24
  • Right to Religion –  Article 25 to 28
  • Right to Education and Culture – Article 25 to 28

Directive Principles

Directive Principles comprise Economic, Social, and Political guidelines or Principles for a State. These principles signify that any particular state will encourage the welfare of people by giving them basic provisions such as food, shelter, and clothing. Directive principles include article 36 to article 51.

The Directive Principles mirror the reconstruction program declared by Gandhiji during the National Movement. Basically, these principles reflect the beliefs of liberalism. To fulfill his dream, some ideas were incorporated in Directive Principles to manage the state through article 36 to article 51.

Some Important Articles of the Indian Constitution

Let us now look at some of the important articles of the Constitution of India and what they deal with.

1Union Name and its Territory
3New States Formation, Alteration/Change of Boundaries, etc.
13Laws conflicting with or in deprecation of the Fundamental Rights
14Equality ahead of Law (generally called as Right to Equality)
15Banning Discrimination (on the grounds of race, caste, religion, sex, or birthplace)
16Equality in case of Public Employment
17Abolition of Untouchability
18Abolition of Titles
19Preservation of Rights to Freedom (popularly known as Right to Freedom)
19(1)(a)Liberty of Speech & Expression
19(1)(b)Right to Peacefully Assemble
19(1)(c)Liberty to form Association
19(1)(d)Liberty to Move Freely through India
19(1)(e)Freedom of Settle & Reside
19(1)(g)Liberty to Practice any Occupation, Profession, Business or Trade
21Right to Personal Liberty and Life
21(1)(a)Right to Education
23Barring of Human Trafficking and Forced Labor
24Prohibition of Child Labor
25Freedom to Practice & Freely Propagate Religion
29Safeguarding of Interests of Minorities
32Remedies for the imposition of Fundamental Rights along with writs
44Uniform Civil Code
50Segregation of Judiciary from Executive
51Development of International Peace and Security
51(1)(A)Fundamental Duties
72President Powers to Grant Pardons, etc.
76Attorney-General of India
78Prime Minister Duties
85Parliament Session, Intermission and Dissolution
93Lok Sabha Speaker & Deputy Speaker
100Voting in Houses
105Powers, Privileges, etc. of Parliament Members
106Salaries and Allowances of Parliament Members
108Combined Sitting of both Parliament Houses
109-110Money Bills
112Annual Financial Budget
123President’s Power to Propagate Ordinance when the Parliament in cessation/break
127Commissioning of ad hoc Judges in the Supreme Court
139Power of Supreme Court to Grant Certain Writs
141Supreme Court’s Decision Binding on All Courts
148-149Comptroller and Auditor-General of India
155Appointment of Governor
161Governor’s power to Grant Pardon
165Advocate-General for a particular State
167Chief Minister Duties
224Selection of Additional & Acting Judges in High Courts
224AAppointment of Retired Judges in High Courts
226High Courts Power to issue writs
280Finance Commission
312All India Services
324Election Commission
335SCs and STs claim to Posts and Services
343Official Language
352National Emergency
356President’s Rule during State Emergency
360Financial Emergency
368Parliament Power to Amend the Constitution

Schedules of the Indian Constitution

Now that you have got an idea about the Important Articles of the Constitution of India. Let us also gather some information about the Schedules of the Indian Constitution. Given below is the table that includes the different schedules and their functions.

 Schedule Deals With
First Schedule

(Article 1-4)

State names and their territorial Jurisdiction.
The extent of the Union Territories and their respective names
Second Schedule

(Articles 59, 65, 75, 97, 125, 148, 158, 164, 186, 221)

States the provisions relating to the salary, privileges, and so on of:
1. The Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha.
2. The Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly in the states.
3. The President of India.
4. The Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha
5. The Governors of States.
6. The Judges of the High Courts
7. The Judges of the Supreme Court
8. The Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the Legislative Council in the states
9. The Comptroller and Auditor-General of India
Third Schedule

(Articles – 75, 84, 99, 124, 146, 173, 188, 219)

Forms of Oaths or Affirmations for:
1. The judges of the Supreme Court
2. The candidates for election to the State Legislature
3. The members of Parliament
4. The Union ministers
5. The judges of the High Courts
6. The state ministers
7. The candidates for election to the Parliament
8. The members of the State Legislature
9. The Comptroller and Auditor-General of India
Fourth Schedule

(Article 4 & 80)

Seat allocation in the Rajya Sabha to the states and the Union Territories.
Fifth Schedule

(Article 244)

Allocations related to the Management and Control of scheduled areas and ST (scheduled tribes).
Sixth Schedule

(Article 244 & 275)

Allocations related to the administration of tribal areas in Meghalaya, Assam, Mizoram, and Tripura.
Seventh Schedule

(Article 246)

Dividing of powers among the States and Union in terms of List I which is Union List, List-II which is State List, and List III which is Concurrent List. Currently, the Union List comprises 100 subjects (originally 97), the state list includes 61 subjects (originally 66), and the concurrent list includes 52 subjects (originally 47).
Eighth Schedule

(Article 344 and Article 351)

Languages recognized by the Constitution. Originally, it included 14 languages but currently, there are 22 languages.
Ninth Schedule

(Article 31-B)

Acts and Regulations (originally 13 but currently 282) 19 related to state legislatures dealing with land reforms and the eradication of the zamindari system.
Tenth Schedule

(Article 102 & 191)

Tells the provisions related to the disqualification of the members of Parliament and State Legislatures on the ground of defection.
Eleventh Schedule

(Article 243 G)

Deals with powers, duties, and powers of Panchayats.
Twelfth Schedule

(Article 243 W)

Defines the Municipalities power, authority, and responsibilities

Important Articles of the Constitution of India FAQ

Q.1 Who was the chief architect of the Indian Constitution?
Ans. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar was the chief architect of the Indian constitution.

Q.2 Previous there were how many articles in the Indian Constitution?
Ans. Previously there were 395 articles in the Indian Constitution.

Q.3 Currently Indian Consitution has how many articles?
Ans. At present, it has grown to 448 articles in 25 parts, 12 schedules with 5 appendices, and 102 amendments.

Q.4 When was the constitution adopted?
Ans. It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949.

Q.5 When did the constitution came into force?
Ans. It came into force on 26th January 1950.

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