28 April 2018 - Daily Current Affairs

28 April 2018 - Daily Current Affairs

World Day for Safety and Health at Work being observed today

28 April 2018 - Daily Current Affairs
  • The World Day for Safety and Health at Work to promote the prevention of occupational accidents and diseases globally observed on 28th April every year.
  • The day is observed mainly by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) as an awareness-raising campaign to raise awareness of safety in the workplace.
  • It is intended to focus international attention on creating a safety and health culture can help reduce the number of work-related deaths and injuries.
  • The theme of this year is ‘Occupational safety health (OSH) vulnerability of young workers’.
Note: It is held on 28 April and has been observed by the International Labour Organization (ILO) since 2003.

National Affairs

Vice President Releases the Book ‘Smart Cities Unbundled’

  • The Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu has released the Book ‘Smart Cities Unbundled’.
  • The book authored by Dr. Sameer Sharma.
  • The book tells India and the world what an Indian Smart City is and what constitutes Smart Cities Mission of India
Note: A Smart City is a liveable city to the people with required amenities like clean drinking water, sanitation, toilets, infrastructure etc.

Smriti Irani inaugurates National Media Faculty Development Centre in New Delhi

  • The Information and Broadcasting (I&B) Minister Smriti Irani has inaugurated the National Media Faculty Development Centre at the Indian Institute of Mass Communication (IIMC) in New Delhi.
  • The new center will train media educators across the country on the latest developments in the discipline including in technology and content.
  • She announced to institute a scholarship award in the name of Deen Dayal Upadhyay for meritorious Indian students who especially work on Development Journalism.

Govt. to tie up with US and Finland to jointly develop a new pollution-forecast system

  • The Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) is tying up with the US and Finland to develop a new pollution-forecast system to help anticipate particulate matter (PM) levels at least two days in advance.
  • The new system will jointly develop with expertise from Finnish Meteorological Institute, US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

Environment Ministry declares all protected areas plastic free zones

  • The Environment Ministry has banned plastics in all protected areas around the country and declared them plastic free zones.
  • It has directed states and Union territories to organize awareness campaigns to sensitize people about the issue.
  • The decision has been taken ahead of the World Environment Day on 5th of June.
  • All protected areas and forest reserves will be plastic free zones and it will be mandatorily enforced.
Note: Non-recyclable plastics have been banned and various steps will be taken so that plastic is not allowed inside the protected areas.

 Banking and Finance

Govt collects Rs. seven lakhs 41 thousand cr from GST during 2017-18

  • According to the finance ministry release, the Union Govt. has collected seven lakhs 41 thousand crore rupees from the Goods and Services Tax (GST) during (August 2017 and March 2018).
  • This includes one lakh 19 thousand crore rupees of CGST, one lakh 72 thousand crore rupees of SGST, three lakhs 66 thousand crore rupees of IGST and over 62 thousand crore rupees of cess.
  • The total compensation released to the states for a period of eight months during 2017-18 was over 41 thousand crore rupees to ensure that the revenue of the states is protected at the level of 14% over the base year tax collection in 2015-16.
Note:  Goods & Services Tax Law in India is a comprehensive, multi-stage, destination-based tax that is levied on every value addition.
There are 3 taxes applicable to this system: CGST, SGST & IGST.
  • CGST: Collected by the Central Government on an intra-state sale (Eg: Within Gujarat)
  • SGST: Collected by the State Government on an intra-state sale (Eg: Within Punjab)
  • IGST: Collected by the Central Government for inter-state sale (Eg: Bihar to Uttar Pradesh)

Govt to acquire RBI’s stake in National Housing Bank

  • The government will soon acquire the stake of Reserve Bank of India in housing finance regulator National Housing Bank (NHB).
  • Currently, RBI holds 100 percent stake in the NHB.
  • The stake transfer would be cash neutral and there would be no cash outgo.
  • The Finance Bill 2018 has amended the National Housing Bank Act, 1987, for transferring RBI’s stake in the NHB to the government.
Note: National Housing Bank (NHB), a wholly owned subsidiary of Reserve Bank of India (RBI), was set up on 9 July 1988 under the National Housing Bank Act, 1987.

Sports

Siddhant Banthia wins Indian leg of junior French Open wild card tournament

  • India’s Tennis player Siddhant Banthia (17-year) has won the Indian leg of the junior French Open wild card tournament in New Delhi.
  • Banthia beat reigning Under-16 national champion Mann Maulik Shah 6-4, 2-6, 7-6.
  • The girls event was won by Rashmikaa S Bhamidipaty, who defeated Tanisha Kashyap 6-4, 6-4.
  • Banthia will now compete with winners from China and Brazil in the final Qualifier to get an entry into the main draw of the junior French Open.

Indian women boxers dominate Asian Youth Championships in Bangkok

  • Indian women boxers won the three gold medals in the Asian Youth Championships in Bangkok.
  • World champion Nitu Ghanghas (48kg) Manisha (64kg) and Lalita (69kg) finished gold in the tournament for India.
  • Silver medals were three women finalists, Anamika (51kg), Sakshi (81kg) and Neha Yadav (+81kg) and lone male finalist Ankit Khatana (60kg).
  • The Indians signed off with three gold, four silvers and four bronze medals in the event.

2021 Champions Trophy to be held in India

  • According to ICC Chief Executive Dave Richardson, the International Cricket Council (ICC) has decided to convert the 2021 Champions Trophy into a World T20 event scheduled in India.
  • The global body had “unanimously agreed” that 2021 meet in India would now be a 16-team (Earlier 8-team) event in the shortest format.
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