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Nuclear Power Plants & Thermal Power Plants

Dear Readers,
Static is a scoring & Interesting section if prepared fervently. Enlarging syllabus of General Awareness is to be covered & need to be prepared on daily basis. So, in order to cope with the situation, we need to widen our scope of information. Today we will discuss about the Nuclear & thermal power plants in India as well as some interesting facts.

Nuclear & Thermal power plants

Nuclear power is obtained from energy stored in the nuclei of atoms of naturally occurring radio-active elements like uranium and thorium. These fuels undergo nuclear fission in nuclear reactors and emit power. The greatest producers of nuclear power are USA and Europe. In India Rajasthan and Jharkhand have large deposits of Uranium.

Thermal electricity is generated by using coal, petroleum and natural gas. The thermal power stations use non-renewable fossil fuels for generating electricity. There are over 310 thermal power plants in India.
The major hazard of nuclear power generation is the storage and disposal of spent or used fuels – the uranium still decaying into harmful subatomic particles (radiations). Improper nuclear-waste storage and disposal result in environmental contamination.

State wise list of Thermal Power Stations & Nuclear Power Plants:-

State
Nuclear Power Station
Thermal Power Station
Andhra Pradesh (i) Simhadri Super Thermal Power Plant
(ii) Sri Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station
Assam Bongaigaon Thermal Power Plant
Bihar (i) Barauni Thermal Power Station
(ii) Kahalgaon Super Thermal Power Station
Chhattisgarh (i) Korba Super Thermal Power Plant
(ii) Sipat Thermal Power Plant
(iii) Bhilai Expansion Power Plant
(iv) Hasdeo Thermal Power Station
Gujarat Kakrapar Nuclear power station (i) Mundra (TPP)
(ii) Ukai Thermal Power Station
(iii) Sikka Thermal Power Station
(iv)Kakrapar Nuclear Power Plant
(v) Akrimota Thermal Power Station
Haryana Gorakhpur Atomic Power Station (i) Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram Thermal Power Station
(ii) Rajiv Gandhi Thermal Power Station
Himachal Pradesh (i) Girinagar Hydel Project
(ii) Binwa Hydel Project
(iii) Rangtong Hydel Project
(iv) Baner and Neugal Project
Jharkhand (i) Patratu Thermal Power Station
(ii) Bokaro Thermal Power Station
(iii) Chandrapura Thermal Power Station
(iv) Koderma Thermal Power Station
Karnataka Kaiga Nuclear power station (i) Udupi Thermal Power Plant
(ii) Bellary Thermal Power station
(iii) Raichur Thermal Power Station
Kerala (i) Brahmapuram Power Station
(ii) Kayamkulam Power Station
Madhya Pradesh (i) Vindhyachal Super Thermal Power Station
(ii) Sant Singaji (TPP)
(iii) Satpura Thermal Power Station
(iv) Amarkantak Thermal Power Station
(v) Sasan Ultra Mega Power Project
Maharashtra (i) Tarapur Atomic power station
(ii) Jaitapur Nuclear Power Project
(i) Tirora (TPP)
(ii) Amravati (TPP)
(iii) Chandrapur Super (TPP)
(iv) Khaperkheda Thermal Power Station
Nagaland Dikhu Hydro Electric Power Plant
Odisha (i) Talcher Super Thermal Power Station
(ii) Hirakud Captive Power Plant
Punjab Guru Gobind Singh Super Thermal Power Plant
Rajasthan (i) Chhabra (TPP)
(ii) Suratgarh Power Station
Sikkim (i) Rangit Hydro Electric Power Prject
Tamil Nadu Kundakulam Nuclear Power Plant (i) Mettur Theral Power Station
(ii) Neyveli Thermal
(iii) Tuticorin Thermal Power Station
Tripura Palatana Thermal Power Plant
Uttar Pradesh Narora Atomic Power Station (i) Rihand Thermal Power Station
(ii) Singrauli Super Thermal Power Station
(iii) Anpara Thermal Power Station
(iv) Obra Thermal Power Station
(v) Rosa (TPS)
(vi) Panki (TPS)
Uttarakhand (i) Chibro Power Plant
(ii) Khodri Power Plant
(iii) Chilla Power Plant
West Bengal Durgapur Thermal Power Station

Some Interesting Facts:-

  1. India has an installed capacity of more than 170,000 megawatts, up from a mere 1,362 megawatts at the time of Independence in 1947.
  2. India's first power generation company was the private Calcutta Electric Supply Corporation (CESC) started in 1899. The first diesel power plant was set up in Delhi in 1905. The first hydro-electric power station was set up in Mysore in 1902. At the time of Independence, about 60% of India's power sector was privately owned. Today, about 80% of the installed capacity is in the hands of the government. Private companies own 12% of the capacity.
  3. NTPC Limited is India’s biggest power generator with over 31,000 MW capacity.
  4. Vindhyachal Thermal Power Station in the Singrauli district of Madhya Pradesh, with an installed capacity of 4,760MW, is currently the biggest thermal power plant in India. It is a coal-based power plant owned and operated by NTPC.
  5. Nuclear energy was first used for destructive purposes before nuclear power stations were designed.
  6. India's and Asia's first nuclear reactor was the Apsara research reactor. Designed and built in India, with assistance and fuel from the United Kingdom.
  7. The NTPC is one of the seven PSUs to have been granted the elite Maharatna status.

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