30 November 2016

Two-Pronged War in Iraq - Learn Vocabulary

T he blast in Hilla that killed over 100 people, mostly Iranian pilgrims, reinforces the fear that the Islamic State remains a potent fo... thumbnail 1 summary
The blast in Hilla that killed over 100 people, mostly Iranian pilgrims, reinforces the fear that the Islamic State remains a potent force in Iraq despite recent military setbacks. By attacking a town located between Najaf and Karbala, two of Shia Islam’s holiest places, at a time when Shia Muslims around the world travel to Karbala to commemorate the martyrdom of Imam Hussein, the IS has left no doubt about who it is targeting. Besides, the attack came nearly six weeks after Iraqi government troops, aided by Iran and the U.S., started a massive operation to retake Mosul, which has been under IS control since June 2014. It is not difficult to understand the IS’s strategy. In the past, when its bases came under attack, the group had used terror to strike faraway civilian centres. 

Needless to say, this is a major security failure for the Iraqi government. When the pilgrimage season began, many had warned that the IS would make an attempt to attack around Karbala. What is more worrisome for the government troops is the battlefield flexibility the IS is demonstrating. It is fighting a conventional war against the government troops in Mosul while unleashing guerrilla attacks elsewhere.
More than a month after the battle for Mosul began, government troops are yet to make any substantial territorial gains. 
On the other side, civilian casualties are relatively high. According to the UN, around 20 per cent of the injured in Mosul are civilians, compared to the average 5 per cent in other recent anti-IS operations. Once Iraqi troops, largely Shia, enter the city that is home to a million people who are mostly Sunni, casualties could be higher. The IS, given its history of exploiting Shia-Sunni sectarian tensions to its advantage, may be waiting just for that. 
Against this background, the Iraqi government faces huge challenges. 

First, it has to make real battleground advances in Mosul with minimum civilian casualties to raise the pressure on the IS while boosting its capability to fight potential terror strikes. In the last two major terror strikes alone, the IS has killed over 400 people in Iraq. 

If it continues to terrorise civilians, the already feeble Iraqi government would suffer a further loss of credibility among the public. Second, the government has to guard against falling into the sectarian trap that the IS has set. In previous anti-IS battles, Iraqi troops were accused of targeting Sunni civilians. If Baghdad doesn’t win over the Sunnis living in its war-ravaged north and north-west, it will not get a grip on the cycle of terror.

Source : THE HINDU

IMPORTANT WORDS FORM ARTICLE & THEIR MEANINGS 


1. Pilgrims (noun) (तीर्थयात्रियों) – a person who journeys to a sacred place for religious reasons
Synonyms – settler, palmer
Ex: As part of his religious education, Ahmad is required to make a pilgrimage to Mecca.

2. Reinforces (verb) (पुष्ट)– strengthen or support (an object or substance), especially with additional material
Synonyms – enlarge, stroke
Antonyms – decrease, hinder
Ex: Until the construction was complete, extra scaffolding was erected to reinforce the facade.

3. Potent (adjective) (प्रबल)– having great power, influence, or effect
Synonyms – persuasive, robust
Antonyms – inactive, infirm
Ex: The potent poison killed him within seconds.

4. Commemorate (verb) (स्मरण करना)– recall and show respect for (someone or something)
Synonyms – admire, celebrate
Antonyms – disregard, ignore
Ex: The general will commemorate the soldier’s act of heroism by presenting him with a medal.

5. Martyrdom (noun) (शहादत– the death or suffering of a martyr
Synonyms – persecution, devotion
Antonyms – comfort, relief
Ex: The civil rights leader became a martyr for his movement after being assassinated outside his motel room.

6. Massive (adjective) (बड़ा)– large and heavy or solid
Synonyms – immense, colossal
Antonyms – limited, minute
Ex: As a college freshman, I was surprised to be given a massive textbook which I could not carry alone.

7. Unleashing (verb) (उन्मुक्त) – cause (a strong or violent force) to be released or become unrestrained
Synonyms – discharge, free
Antonyms – hold, restrain
Ex: They had no idea of the increased killing power they were unleashing.

8. Sectarian (adjective) (सांप्रदायिक) – denoting or concerning a sect or sects
Synonyms – fanatic, clannish
Antonyms – conforming, liberal
Ex: The sectarian violence is being led by a faction leader who believes the prime minister is not following the laws of the people.

9. Ravaged (adjective) (तबाह) – severely damaged, devastated
Synonyms – demolish, despoil
Antonyms – assist, protect
Ex: If diabetes is not controlled, it can ravage many organs in the human body.

10.Ubiquitous – (देशव्यापी) - present, appearing, or found everywhere
Synonyms – pervasive, universal
Antonyms – rare, scarce
Example – They have become a seemingly ubiquitous part of our national culture.


SSC CGL Tier 2 Exam Analysis 2016 for Paper 2 English Language

SSC CGL Tier 2 Exam Analysis 2016: Today, on 30th November, the Staff Selection Commission conducted the recruitment papers for SSC Combine... thumbnail 1 summary
SSC CGL Tier 2 Exam Analysis 2016: Today, on 30th November, the Staff Selection Commission conducted the recruitment papers for SSC Combined Graduate Level Examination (CGLE) Tier-II in an Online Computer-Based Test (CBT) format. Around 1.49 lakh candidates were shortlisted to appear for SSC CGL Tier-II Examination and first 2 papers, which are, English Language and Quantitative Aptitude, are mandatory for all posts.

Following our series of paper review and analysis, this article focuses on detailed SSC CGL Tier 2 Exam Analysis for English Language Paper. We will dive in various topics related to the paper like topic-wise marks distribution, level of difficulty of each section and the expected number of good attempts to Crack Tier-II Examination.

The overall level of the English paper was Moderate

Revisiting the exam pattern for SSC CGL Tier-II English Paper, these are the most essential points to ponder upon.
  • There were a total number of 200 questions.
  • The total marks for English Paper was 200 Marks.
  • Time allotted for solving was 2 hours (120 minutes)
  • Each Question carried 1 mark. 0.25 negative mark for every incorrect answer.
Lets to straight to SSC CGL Tier 2 Exam Analysis of English Language Paper held today i.e. November 30, 2016. There were undoubtedly a few challenging questions in the paper on Idioms and Parajumbles, but a lot of candidates simply skipped those. We further elaborate by charting out the distribution of marks among various topics.

Topic-Wise Marks Distribution in SSC CGL Tier-II English Paper

For SSC CGL Tier 2 Examination for Paper-II i.e. English Language conducted today i.e. 30th November 2016, the topic-wise marks distribution was as follows.
Name of the Topic
Number of Questions
Level of Difficulty
Spotting the Errors
18-20
Moderate
Sentence Completion
5-7
Easy
Vocabulary (Synonyms/ Antonyms)
3-5
Easy
Spellings
3-5
Easy
Idioms & Phrases
10-12
Moderate-Difficult
Para Jumbles
18-20
Moderate-Difficult
One word substitution
10-12
Easy
Active & Passive Voice
18-20
Easy
Sentence Correction
20-22
Moderate
Direct – Indirect Speech
25-27
Easy-Moderate
Cloze Test
25-27
Easy-Moderate
Reading Comprehension (6 Passage)
28-30
Easy-Moderate
From the table above, we can clearly see that questions based on Grammar Portion cover around 60% of the Question Paper. While most candidates the paper to be doable, some questions were just plain confusing.
Overall Number of Good Attempts in SSC CGL Tier-II English Paper
Based on the difficulty level of the paper and the competition among candidates, we expect an overall number of good attempts in Tier 2 English Paper to be between 165 to 170 questions with 90% accuracy. 
 SSC CGL Tier-II Paper 1
 English Language
 Total Number of Questions/ Marks
 200/ 200 Marks
 Level of Difficulty 
 Moderate
 Number of Good Attempts
 165-170
 Expected Good Score
 155-160
We also expect that a good candidate might score 155-160 marks, which will be considered good score for qualifying for the Next tier (Tier III- Descriptive Paper). To read our detailed analysis of Quant Paper held today, click on the section below.
This is our conclusion for SSC CGL Tier 2 Exam Analysis for Paper 1 i.e. English Language for the 1st day (30th November 2016). For all those who will attempt the paper tomorrow, make sure you give the following articles a thorough read.
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Last 10 days Study Plan for IBPS RRB Officer Scale - I Mains Exam 2016

Dear Readers, The result of IBPS RRB Officer Scale - I was recently announced. The Mains phase of Officer scale I and the exam of ... thumbnail 1 summary


Dear Readers,
The result of IBPS RRB Officer Scale - I was recently announced. The Mains phase of Officer scale I and the exam of Officer Scale - II and III will be conducted on 11th December 2016. We are sharing with you some tips that would help you score better in this exam.
Before moving to the sectional strategies, let us have a clear idea of the pattern of this exam.

 IBPS RRB Officer Scale - I Mains Exam Pattern -

For the post of Scale - II and III, the exam is being conducted in a single phase on 11th December 2016.

 IBPS RRB Officer Scale - II (General Banking Officer) -


 IBPS RRB Officer Scale - II (Specialist Cadre) -


 IBPS RRB Officer Scale - III Mains Exam Pattern 

(*) - Candidates can either opt for 4(a) or 4(b).

Now let us have a look at the sectional strategies.Since numbered days are now left for this phase, we advise you all to divide you time among all the sections properly and practice hard and regularly.

Try to follow the given study frame -

Those of you, who will attempt the exam in Hindi language, practice the topics regularly. We will try to provide Hindi quizzes especially for IBPS RRB shortly.
General Awareness -
To prepare this topic, you can regularly go through the daily updates that are provided on Grade up. We will try to release the tornado for RRB Mains soon. Try to cover the happenings of at least last 2 -3 months. Besides this, do not forget to cover the Static GK part as well. Under this, try to cover the countries, their capitals and currencies (Try to focus especially on the countries that have been in news lately, for instance, the countries visited by our Prime Minister or President or with whom any major MoU has been signed), Major organizations and their headquarters, Important Days etc.

Computer Knowledge -
40 Questions will be asked from this topic. Go through the following topics in this section -
  • Fundamentals of Computer
  • History of Computer
  • Internet
  • MS Office – Word, Power point, Excel & Access
  • Memory
  • Input Output devices
  • Computer Shortcuts
  • Important Abbreviations
Time Allotment -Analyse your strong and weak areas and then try to devote proper time to that section accordingly. We have provided below a general time allotment that you should devote each day.
  • Reasoning Ability - 2 -3 hours everyday
  • Quantitative Aptitude - At least 3 hours everyday since this section requires thorough practice.
  • English / Hindi Language - 2 hours everyday
  • General Awareness - 1 - 1.5 hours everyday
  • Computer Knowledge - 1 hour everyday
Give your heart and soul into your preparations, it’s only a matter of few days. Trust your hard work and you’ll see eventually your hard work will bear fruits.
All the best for your exams..TEAM AIMSUCCESS..

MISC. ENGLISH QUIZ For SSC CGL Tier-II 2016

Directions (1-6): Read the following passage carefully and answer these questions. Among the natural resources that can be called upon... thumbnail 1 summary
Directions (1-6): Read the following passage carefully and answer these questions.
Among the natural resources that can be called upon in national plans for development, possibly, the most important is human labour. Since the English language suffers from a certain weakness in its ability to describe groups composed of both male and female members, this is usually described as ‘manpower’.
Without a productive labour force, including effective leadership and intelligent middle management, no amount of foreign assistance or natural wealth can ensure successful development and modernization.
The manpower for development during the next quarter century will come from the world’s present population of infants, children and adolescents. But we are not sure that they will be equal to the task. Will they have the health, the education, the skills, the socio-cultural attitude essential for the responsibilities of development?
For far too many of them the answer is no. The reason is basic. A child’s most critical years, with regard to physical, intellectual, social and emotional development, are those before he reaches five years of age. During those critical formative years he is cared for almost exclusively by his mother, and in many parts of the world the mother may not have the capacity to raise a superior child. She is incapable of doing so because of her own poor health, ignorance and lack of status and recognition of social and legal rights, and economic parity of independence.
One essential factor has been overlooked or ignored – the role of women. Development will be handicapped as long as women remain second-class citizens, uneducated, without any voice in family or community decisions, without legal or economic status, married when they are still practically children, and thereafter producing one baby after another, often only to see half of them die before they are of school-going age.
We can enhance development by improving “woman power”, by giving women the opportunity to develop themselves. Statistics show that the average family size increases in inverse ratio to the mother’s years of education – is lowest among college graduates, highest among those with only primary school training or no education. Malnutrition is most frequent in large families and increases in frequency with each additional sibling.
The principle established seems that an educated mother has healthier and more intelligent children, and that this is related to the fact that she has fewer children. The tendency of educated, upper-class mothers to have fewer children exists even without access to contraceptive services.
The educational level of women is significant also because it has a direct influence upon their chances of employment; and the number of employed women in a country’s total labour force has a direct bearing on both the Gross National Product and the disposable income of the individual family. Disposable income, especially in the hands of women, influences food purchasing and therefore the nutritional status of the family. The fact that this additional income derives from the paid employment of women provides a logical incentive to restrict the size of the family.

Q1. Among the natural resources that can be called upon in national plans for development
(a) the most important is certainly human labour
(b) the most important is possibly human labour     
(c) the least developed is certainly human labour
(d) the least developed is undoubtedly human labour

Q2. Without a productive labour force, including  effective leadership and intelligent middle management, 
(a) no productive work is possible
(b) entrepreneurs with incur heavy losses
(c) economic development with not keep pace with nationalist movements
(d) no amount of foreign assistance or natural wealth can ensure successful development and modernisation  

Q3. The manpower development during the next quarter-century
(a) will be adversely affected by the threat of war
(b) will come from the world’s present population of infants, children and adolescents   
(c) will be well taken care of by the current emphasis on free education for women
(d) will be adversely affected by the country’s economic losses and political instability

Q4. The writer made only one of the following statements; indicate which one.
(a) the world’s present population of infants, children and adolescents is very healthy
(b) the world’s present population of infants, children and adolescents is very sickly
(c) the world’s present population of infants, children and adolescents may not be equal to the task   
(d) the world’s present population of infants, children and adolescents is likely to become morally bankrupt

Q5. The writer directly or indirectly made three of the following statements; indicate the one he didn’t make.
(a) Many of the world’s present population of infants, children and adolescents will not have the health, the education, the skills, the socio-cultural attitudes essential for the responsibilities of development.
(b) A child’s most critical years with regard to physical, intellectual, social and emotional development, are those before he reaches five years of age.
(c) Development will be handicapped as long as women remain second-class citizens.
(d) In the advanced countries of the world, women are regarded as first-class citizens but in developing countries they are third-class citizens.   

Q6. According to the writer, we can enhance development by
(a) giving women the opportunity to develop themselves   
(b) making greater capital investments in agriculture and industry
(c) establishing a Ministry of Economic Planning and Development
(d) increasing wages and improving general condition of service for all workers

Directions (7-15): In the following questions, out of the four alternatives choose the one which can be substituted for the given words/sentences.

Q7. To cause troops, etc. to spread out in readiness for battle.
(a) collocate
(b) deploy
(c) disperse
(d) align

Q8. Anything written in a letter after it is signed.
(a) postscript
(b) posterity
(c) corrigendum
(d) post diction

Q9. To send an unwanted person out of the country.
(a) exclude
(b) expatriate
(c) deport
(d) ostracize

Q10. A person who rules without consulting the opinion of others.
(a) democrat
(b) bureaucrat
(c) autocrat
(d) fanatic

Q11. To slap with a flat object.
(a) hew
(b) swat
(c) chop
(d) gnaw

Q12. Person who believes that God is everything and everything is God.
(a) agnostic
(b) theist
(c) pantheist
(d) pan Technicon

Q13. One who cannot die.
(a) stable
(b) Immortal
(c) perpetual
(d) perennial

Q14. Belief or opinion contrary to what is accepted.
(a) unbelief
(b) superstition
(c) non-conformity
(d) heresy

Q15. Science of fixing dates.
(a) chronology
(b) karyology
(c) anthropology
(d) entomology


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