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1. “If you want a free holiday package for Asia trip join only our tour. Hurry up; only a few seats available.” – An advertisement of an Indian tourist company.
If the above statement is true, which of the following has been assumed while making this statement?
1) Travel packages offered by other tour operators are neither cheap nor comfortable.
2) No more seats are available with other travel agencies for a holiday for Asia trip.
3) Now a days, people have a lot of money to spend on their comfort.
4) Most of the people desire convenience and comfort while going for a holidays.
5) None of these

2. Many city buses have fitted CNG kit without observing the safety guidelines properly. This results in some instances of these buses catching fire due to short circuit and endangering the lives of the passengers.
Which of the following can be an effective step to prevent such accidents?
I. The state government should stop using buses fitted with CNG kit in the city.
II. The state transport authority should immediately carry out checks on all the buses fitted with CNG kits.
III. The state government should issue a notification banning those buses which run on CNG kits.
1) Only I
2) Only II
3) Only III
4) Only I and II
5) Only II and III

3. In view of the recent spurt in prices of electronic products in the open market, the government has asked the dealers to release a vast quantity of imported electronic products in the open market.
Which of the following assumptions is implicit in the given statements?
I. The electronic products’ prices will come down.
II. The dealers will follow the government’s directives.
III. The prices of electronic products will remain unchanged.
1) Only I
2) Only II
3) Only III
4) Only I and II
5) Only II and III

4. I think we will win. We have got the most talented batsmen in our side,” said the Indian coach in an interview.
Which of the following assumptions is implicit in the above statement? (An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted.)
I. Cricket is different from other games.
II. Talented batsmen are crucial for any team’s victory.
III. Chance of victory is different from actual victory.
1) Only I
2) Only II
3) Only III
4) Only I and II
5) Only II and III

5. “A rare opportunity to be a professional while you are at home” – An advertisement from a call centre for literate housewives
Which of the following assumptions is implicit in the above statement? (An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted.)
1) It is possible to be a professional as well as a housewife.2) Call centres are growing at a fast pace.
3) Some housewives desire to become professionals simultaneously.
4) Both 1) and 2)
5) Both 1) and 3)

Directions (Q. 6-8): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follows:
“Owing to lack of diesel options, once a market leader, Honda, is likely to discontinue its executive sedan Civic as it shifts its focus to compact cars like Brio and Jazz in the Indian market.”
These questions are based on the information given above and the sentences labelled (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) as given below:
(A) Compact cars like Brio and Jazz will compete in the Indian car market.
(B) Most of the Indian customers prefer non-diesel cars.
(C) The product of Honda’s competitor, Suzuki’s Swift Dzire, has recorded a good sale of its diesel variant as compared to non-diesel ones during the last three quarters.
(D) Most of the Indian customers prefer diesel cars over non-diesel ones.
(E) The price of petrol is relatively high as compared to diesel.
(F) Since Indian customers are obsessed with the mileage of any vehicle, be it 2-wheeler or 4-wheeler, it becomes very difficult to take decisions while buying.

6. Which of the statements numbered (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F), if true, could strengthen the statement?
1) Only A
2) Both A and F
3) Only E
4) C, D and E
5) Only D

7. Which of the statements numbered (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) can be concluded from the statement?
1) Only A
2) Only E
3) Only D
4) Only C
5) Only B

8. Which of the statements numbered (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) has been assumed in the facts/information given in the statement? (An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted.)
1) Only A
2) Only E
3) Only B
4) Both D and E
5) Only F

Directions (Q. 9-10): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions which follow.
“Even as opposition parties tore into the government’s big-bang decision to further liberalise in the insurance sector, industry players have shown a muted reaction.”
(A) The government’s decision is going to affect the insurance sector adversely.
(B) Opposition parties welcomed the decision made by the government.
(C) There are some sectors apart from insurance where the government is already following the policy of liberalisation.
(D) Opposition parties are not comfortable with the government’s decision.
(E) The government has given a new theory called the “Big-Bang theory”.
(F) Further liberisation in the insurance sector will be beneficial for the economy as a whole.

9. Which of the statements numbered (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) can be inferred from the given information?
1) Only A
2) Only B
3) Only F
4) Only E
5) Only D

10. Which of the statements numbered (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) has been assumed in the given information?
1) Only C
2) Only F
3) Only B
4) Only A
5) Both A and C

Directions (Q. 11-12) Read the following information carefully and answer the questions which follow.
“Poor growth in corporate tax collection pulled down overall rise in gross direct tax mobilisation in the first half of the current year, ruling out any pickup in growth in the first half of the year, indicating that the government will find it difficult to meet its tax target for the year.”
The questions are based on the information given above and sentences labelled as (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) given below:
(A) Corporate tax collection rose only in the first quarter of the current year.
(B) Industrial production slowed down in the first half of the year.
(C) The government has achieved the target of corporate tax collection in comparison to previous year.
(D) Poor tax collection in the corporate pulled down the economy.
(E) The government is likely to face difficulties in achieving the target of collection of corporate tax due to slowdown in production.
(F) The government has forecast a growth in corporate tax.

11. Which of the statements numbered (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F), if true, could weaken the statement?
1) Only A
2) Only C
3) Only A and C
4) Only C and F
5) None of these

12. Which of the statements numbered (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) can be concluded from the fact/information given in the statement?
1) Only B
2) Only B and E
3) Only F
4) Only D
5) None of these

Directions (Q.13-15) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.
There are two underlying themes of India Against Corruption’s new party: the induction of good people and “people’s power” through consummate decentralisation. The vision document sets out a quest for ‘Swaraj’ – people’s right to self-determination. This ideal of self-determination has been conflated with direct democracy.
These questions are based on the information given above and sentences labelled (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) as given below:
(A) The vision document states that people must be consulted directly on key national decisions.
(B) No person who professes a commitment to democracy will argue against political decentralisation.
(C) India Against Corruption’s new party’s aim to go beyond capturing an anti-incumbent sentiment to create a true political alternative, however, will require real vision.
(D) There was disagreement between the government and India Against Corruption’s new party.
(E) The purpose of a political party is to articulate a distinct vision for the future of the country.
(F) Only registered party workers may vote as also pose problem of manipulation by local leaders.

13. Which of the statements (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) can be inferred from the facts/information given in the passage?
1) Only B
2) Only B and E
3) Only C and D
4) Only E
5) None of these

14. Which of the statements (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) has been assumed in the given statement?
1) Only B
2) Only C
3) Only E and D
4) Only B and C
5) None of these

15. Which of the statements numbered (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F), if true, could strengthen the statement?
1) Only C
2) Only B and D
3) Only E
4) Only F
5) None of these

Answers:
  1. 5; (1) is not an assumption as nothing is there regarding “cheap’ and “comfartable”.(2) is not implicit as nothing is mentioned about other travel agencies.(3) is vague.(4) is not implicit as focuses on “free” package.
  2. 2; (I) and (III) wouldn’t be effective as they would create a problem of pollution, if buses with CNG kits are prohibited and diesel and petrol vehicles take their place.(2) might be effective as it is a positive and precautionary step.
  3. 4; Since the order has been made by the government, it will be followed by the dealers. Moreover, release of vast quantities of imported electronic products will bring down the price.
  4. 2; I. is not implicit as nothing is hinted about the similarity or the difference between cricket and other games.II. is obvious. So, it is implicit.III. is not implicit as there is nothing to suggest that chance of victory is different from actual victory.
  5. 5; 1) is implicit. In case of an advertisement, it is assumed that what is being highlighted is believed to be possible.2) is not implicit as nothing is assumed about the growth of call centres.3) is implicit. In case of an advertisement, it is assumed that what is being highlighted is looked for by the people
  6. 6. 4; Any statement that goes in favour of diesel will strengthen the statement.
  7. 3; It can be clearly concluded that people prefer diesel cars over non-diesel ones..
  8. 1; Since Honda is shifting its focus towards these compact cars, the basic assumption is that ‘Brio’ and ‘Jazz’ will complete in the Indian car market.
  9. 5; Since it has been mentioned that opposition parties tore into the government’s decision, it can be inferred that they are not comfortable with the government’s decision.
  10. 4; It is this assumption that has made the opposition parties go on the offensive.
  11. 4; The author talks about poor growth in corporate tax collection and brings a gloomy picture. While statements C and F portray a positive aspect. Thus, if they (C and F) are true, they could weaken the statement.
  12. 2
  13. 5
  14. 5; Only statement A, if true, would strengthen the argument as it states that people must be consulted directly on key national decisions and the author also feels the same.

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