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IMPORTANT COMPUTER ABBREVIATIONS

IMPORTANT COMPUTER ABBREVIATIONS

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Computer is a scoring section in banking exams where you can easily earn marks just by reading some important computer abbreviations and Basic Fundamentals of computer.Here in this post we have made a full list of all the important computer abbreviations for you.

A


AI: Artificial Intelligence

ALGOL: Algorithmic Language
ALU : Arithmetic Logic Language
ARP: Address Resolution Protocol
ASCII: American Standard Code for Information and Interchange
ATDML : Asynchronous Time Division Multiplexing



B

BASIC: Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
BCC: Blind Carbon Copy
BINAC: Binary Automatic Computer
Bin: Binary
BIOS: Basic Input Output System
Bit: Binary Digit

C


CAD: Computer Aided Design

CAM: Computer Aided Manufacturing
CC: Carbon Copy
CD: Compact Disc
CRT: Cathode Ray Tube
CDMA: Code Division Multiple Access
CDR: Compact Disc Recordable
CD-ROM: Compact Disc Read Only Memory
CDRW: Compact Disc Rewritable
CDR/W: Compact Disk Read/Write
COBOL: Common Business Oriented Language
CPU: Central Processing Unit

D


DBA: Data Base Administrator

DBMS: Data Base Management System
DOS : Disk Operating System
DMA : Direct Memory Access
DVD: Digital Video Disc/Digital Versatile Disc
DVDR: DVD Recordable
DVDROM: DVD Read Only Memory
DVDRW: DVD Rewritable
DVR: Digital Video Recorder
DNS: Domain Name System
DOS: Disk Operating System
DPI: Dots per Inch
DRAM: Dynamic Random Access Memory

E


EBCDIC: Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code

E-Commerce: Electronic Commerce
EDP: Electronic Data Processing
EEPROM: Electronically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
E-Mail: Electronic Mail
ENIAC: Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer
EOF: End Of File
EPROM: Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
EXE: Executable

F


FAX: Far Away Xerox/ facsimile

FDC: Floppy Disk Controller
FDD: Floppy Disk Drive
FDMA : Frequency Division Multiplexing Access
FLOPS: Floating Operations per Second
FORTRAN: Formula Translation
FS: File System
FTP: File Transfer Protocol

G


GB: Gigabit

GB: Gigabyte
GIF: Graphics Interchange Format
GSM: Global System for Mobile Communication
GUI : Graphical User Interface

H


HDD: Hard Disk Drive

HDTV : High Definition Television
HTML: Hyper Text Mark-up Language
HTTP: Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
HLL: High Level Language

I


IC: Integrated Circuit

IM: Instant Message
IMAP: Internet Message Access Protocol
ISP: Internet Service Provider
INSP : Inter Name Server Protocol

J

JPEG: Joint Photographic Experts Group

K


Kb: Kilobit

KB: Kilobyte
KHz: Kilohertz
Kbps: Kilobit Per Second

L


LAN: Local Area Network

LCD: Liquid Crystal Display
LDU: Liquid Display Unit
LED: Light Emitting Diode
LIS: Large Scale Integration
LISP: List Processing
LPI: Lines per Inch
LLL: Low Level Language

M


MAN: Metropolitan Area Network

MAP : Mobile Application Port
MAPI: Mail Application Programming Interface
Mb: Megabit
MB: Megabyte
Mbps : Mega bits per second
MCB : Memory Control Block
MCR : Magnetic Card Reader
MMS: Multimedia Message Service
MICR: Magnetic Ink Character reader
MIDI : Musical Instrument Digital Interface
MIME : Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension
MIPS: Million Instructions per Second
MOPS: Millions of Operations per Second
MPU: Micro Processor Unit
MPEG: Moving Picture Experts Group N



NIC: Network Interface Card

NETBIOS : Network Adapter Basic Input Output System
NFAR : Network File Access Routine
NOS: Network Operating System
NSP : Network Services Protocol
NVRAM: Non- Volatile Random Access Memory

O


OAIS : Open Archival Information System

OLTP : Online Transaction Processing
OMR: Optical Mark Reader
OMAP : Open Multimedia Application Platform
OOP: Object Oriented Programming
OSS: Open Source Software

P


PAP : Password Authentication Protocol

PC: Personal Computer
PCM : Pulse Code Modulation
PDA: Personal Digital Assistant
PDN : Public Data Network
PDP : Packet Data Protocol
PDF: Portable Document Format
PING: Packet Internet Gopher
POS: Point Of Sale
POST: Power on Self Test
PNG: Portable Network Graphics
PPM: Pages per Minute
PPP: Point-to-Point Protocol
PIN : Personal Identification Number
PRISM : Parallel Reduced Instruction Set Multiprocessing
PROM: Programmable Read Only Memory
PSDN : Packet-Switched Data Network
PSTN: Public Switched Telephone Network

R


RAM: Random Access Memory

RARP : Reverse Address Resolution Protocol
RDBMS: Relational Data Base Management System
RIP: Routing Information Protocol
RTF: Rich Text Format
RTCP : Real Time Control Protocol

S


SDRAM : Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory

SGML : Standard Generalized Markup Language
SIM: Subscriber Identification Module
SLIP : Serial Line Internet Protocol
SMTP: Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
SNA : Sub Network Access Protocol
SNMP: Simple Network Management Protocol
SQL: Structured Query Language
SRAM: Synchronous Random Access Memory
SSML : Security Service Markup Language
STP : Spanning Tree Protocol
SWAP : Superior Wireless Application

T


TB: Tera Bytes

TCP/IP: Transmission Control Protocol /Internet Protocol
TDMA: Time Division Multiple Access

U


UDMA : Ultra Direct Memory Access

UIML : User Interface Markup Language
ULSI: Ultra Large Scale Integration
UNIVAC: Universal Automatic Computer
UPS: Uninterrupted Power Supply
URI: Uniform Resource Identifier
USB: Universal Serial Bus

V


VAR: Variable

VDU: Visual Display Unit
VOIP: Voice Over Internet Protocol
VGA: Video Graphics Array
VLSI: Very Large Scale Integrated
VRAM : Volatile Random Access Memory
VRML : Virtual Reality Modelling Language
VSAM : Virtual Storage Access Method

W


Wi-Fi: Wireless Fidelity

WLAN: Wireless Local Area Network
WPA: Wi-Fi Protected Access
WWW: World Wide Web
WAN: Wide Area Network
WCCP : Web Cache Control Protocol
WORM: Write Once Read Many
WML : Wireless Markup Language
WSDL : Web Services Description Language

X


XHTML: eXtensible Hyper text Markup Language

XML: eXtensible Markup language

Z


ZB: Zeta Byte

ZIP : Zone Information Protocol
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