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UTTARAKHAND


Uttarakhand, a state in northern India crossed by the Himalayas, is known for its Hindu pilgrimage sites. Rishikesh, a major centre for yoga study, was made famous by the Beatles’ 1968 visit. The city hosts the evening Ganga Aarti, a spiritual gathering on the sacred Ganges River. The state's forested Jim Corbett National Park shelters Bengal tigers and other native wildlife.

Uttarakhand has two regions namely Kumaon and Gharwal.
  • Land area of Uttarakhand: 53,566 km²
  • Founded of Uttarakhand: November 8, 2000, 3:00 PM PST
  • Population of Uttarakhand: 10.08 million (2012)
  • Capital city of Uttarakhand: Dehradun
  • Chief Minister of Uttarakhand: Harish Rawat
  • Governor of Uttarakhand: Dr. Krishna Kant Paul
  • High Court of Uttarakhand: High court of Uttarakhand, Nainital
  • Chief Justice of Uttarakhand: K. M. Joseph (Source Supreme Court website)
  • International Borders of Uttarakhand: China (Tibet) in the North and Nepal in the east
  • State Day Celebration of Uttarakhand: 9th November

Highest Mountain Peaks of Uttarakhand 

Rank
(in world)
Rank
(in  India)
Peak Name
District
23
2
Nanda Devi
Chamoli
29
3
Kamet
Chamoli
76
10
Abi Gamin
Chamoli
92
11
Mana
Chamoli
97
12
Mukut  Parbat
Chamoli
--
--
Chaukhamba
Uttarkashi-Chamoli
--
--
Trisul
Bageshwar
--
--
Hardeol
Pithoragarh

National Parks of Uttarakhand  


Name of National Park
Special Species
 (if any important)
Important Remarks
Jim Corbett National Park
Bengali tiger
---
Valley Of Flowers National Park
Snow leopard,
Himalayan musk deer
UNESCO world heritage site in Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve
Nanda Devi National Park
---
In Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve
Gangotri National Park
---
River Ganga is in the premises, Goumukh glacier
Rajaji National Park
---
Got its name from Sri C. Raj gopal achari who was affectionately referred to as 'Rajaji'. He was first reciptent of BharatRatna
  

Important Dams of Uttarakhand   


S.N.
Dam
River
Nearest City
Purpose/Project
Remark
1.
Tehri Dam
Bhagirathi
Pratapnagar
Irrigation+ Hydroelectric
Highest Dam in India
2.
Lakhwar Dam
Yamuna
Dehradun
Irrigation+ Hydroelectric
---
3.
Koteshwar Dam
Bhagirathi
Pratapnagar
Hydroelectric
---
4.
Ramganga Dam
Ramganga
Lansdowne
Irrigation+ Hydroelectric
Located within the Jim Corbett National Park.

Important Rivers of Uttarakhand  


S. N.
River
Remarks
1
Ganga River
Primary Source- Gangotri Glacier
2
Bhagirathi River
Headstream of Ganga,Primary Source-  Gangotri and Khatling glaciers
3
Alaknanda River
Headstream of Ganga, Primary Source-  Satopanth and Bhagirath Kharak glaciers
4
Kosi River
5
Yamuna River
Largest tributary river of the Ganga, Primary Source- Yamunotri Glacier

Important Lakes of Uttarakhand 

S. No.
Lake
Located in/near
1
Bheemtal Lake
Bheemtal
2
Devaria Tal
Ukhimath
3
Naini Lake
Nainital
4
Hemkund
Chamoli
5
Maneri
Uttarkashi


Important Power generation plants of Uttarakhand  :

  1. Chibro Power Plant
  2. Khodri Power Plant
  3. Chilla Power Plant
Airports of Uttarakhand :


  1. Jolly Grant Airport - Dehradun
  2. The Pantnagar Airport- Pantnagar of Udham Singh Nagar district
  3. Naini Saini Airport (Pithoragarh Airstrip) – Pithoragarh


Folk Dances of Uttarakhand  :

  • 1. Choliya Dance – Kumaon region
  • 2. Langvir Nritya
  • 3. Pandav Nritya - Gharwal region
  • 4. Ramola
  • 5. Shotiya Tribal Folk Dances-Bhotiya Tribal


Important Regional Festivals of Uttarakhand  


S. N.
Festival Name
Remarks
1.
Basant Panchami
Celebrates the coming of the spring season.
2.
Nanda Devi Raj Jat Yatra
Main deity of worship is Goddess Nanda Devi.
3.
Makar Sankranti
Marks the change of season and is considered to be very auspicious. Kumaon Holi
4.
Jan Punya
People of Kumaon celebrate the Raksha Bandhan and the Janopunya on the same day
5.
Kumbh Mela
In Haridwar
6.
Kandali Festival
In  Pithoragarh district - festival coincides with the blooming of the Kandali plant, which flowers once every twelve years.

Important Temples/Archeological Monuments/Sites of Uttarakhand  



S. N

Monument / Temple / Sites

Located in

Remarks
1
Kedarnath Temple
Kedarnath
Near the Mandakini River
2
Badrinath Temple
Badrinath-Chamoli district
One of the four Char Dham
3
Yamunotri Temple
Uttarkashi district
Source of river Yamuna
4
Gangotri Temple
Uttarkashi district
Source of river Ganga
5
Ram Jhulla & Lakhman Jhulla
Rishikesh
Iron suspension bridge situated at Muni Ki Reti across Ganga River
6
Har Ki Pauri
Haridwar
Famous ghat on the banks of the Ganga
7
Gurudwara Sri Hemkunt Sahib
Chamoli District
8
PatanjaliYogpeeth
Haridwar
9
Nanda Devi Temple
Almora
10
Naina Devi Temple
Nainital
11
SilgurDevta temple
Punah village-Dehradun
In news (May 2016)Mob attacks BJP MP for visiting the temple with Dalits

Nicknames / Special Titles of Cities of Uttarakhand  


S. No.
City
Nick Name
1
Dehradun
School capital of India
2
Mussoorie
Queen of the Mountains
3
Rishikesh
City of Sages
Yoga City
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