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It is must to know about the basic difference between the Major Protected Areas. ie National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries Biosphere Reserves

The difference between a National Park and a Wildlife Sanctuary is that no human activity is allowed inside a national park, while limited activities are permitted within the sanctuary. In Biosphere Reserve, limited economic activity (sand and stone mining) is permitted. 

National Parks in India

National parks in India are IUCN category II protected areas. India’s first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard the habitats of conservation reliant species.

State-wise list of National Parks in India

State/Union Territory
Name of the National Park
Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Campbell Bay National Park
Galathea National Park
Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park (previously : Wandur National Park)
Middle Button Island National Park
Mount Harriet National Park
North Button Island National Park
Rani Jhansi Marine National Park
Saddle Peak National Park
South Button Island National Park
Andhra Pradesh
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park
Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park
Mrugavani National Park
Sri Venkateswara National Park
Arunachal Pradesh
Namdapha National Park
Assam
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park
Kaziranga National Park
Manas National Park
Nameri National Park
Orang National Park
Bihar
Valmiki National Park
Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary
Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary
Chhattisgarh
Indravati National Park
Kanger Ghati National Park (Kanger Valley)
Goa
Mollem National Park
Gujarat
Vansda National Park
Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar
Gir National Park
Gulf of Kachchh Marine National Park
Haryana
Kalesar National Park
Sultanpur National Park
Himachal Pradesh
Great Himalayan National Park
Pin Valley National Park
Jammu and Kashmir
Dachigam National Park
Hemis National Park
Kishtwar National Park
Salim Ali National Park
Jharkhand
Betla National Park
Dimna National Park
Hazaribag National Park
Karnataka
Anshi National Park
Rajiv Gandhi National Park
Bandipur National Park
Bannerghatta National Park
Kudremukh National Park
Kerala
Eravikulam National Park
Mathikettan Shola National Park
Periyar National Park
Madhya Pradesh
Bandhavgarh National Park
Mandla Plant Fossil National Park
Kanha National Park
Madhav National Park
Panna National Park
Pench National Park
Sanjay National Park
Satpura National Park
Van Vihar National Park
Maharashtra
Chandoli National Park
Gugamal National Park
Navegaon National Park
Pench National Park
Sanjay Gandhi National Park or Borivili National Park
Tadoba National Park
Manipur
Keibul Lamjao National Park
Sirohi National Park
Meghalaya
Balphakram National Park
Nokrek National Park
Mizoram
Murlen National Park
Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park
Nagaland
Ntangki National Park
Orissa
Bhitarkanika National Park
Nandankanan National Park
Simlipal National Park
Punjab
Harike Wetland
Rajasthan
Darrah National Park
Desert National Park
Keoladeo National Park
Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary
Ranthambore National Park
Sariska National Park
Uttar Pradesh
Dudhwa National Park


UNESCO World Heritage Site

  • 1. Kaziranga National Park– Indian rhinoceros
  • 2. Great Himalayan National Park
  • 3. Keoladeo National Park
  • 4. Manas National Park
  • 5. Nanda Devi National Park
  • 6. Sundarbans National Park
  • 7. Nokrek National Park–biosphere

POLICY

  • a. National forest policy -1952, 1988
  • b. Project tiger –1973
  • c. Project elephant– 1992
  • d. Project crocodile– 1975
  • e. Project dolphine — 2008


RESERVES

  • Total number of BIOSPHERE reserves in india–18
  • Total number of ELEPHANT reserves in india –29
  • Total number of TIGER reserves in india –48
  • Total number of CROCODILE reserves in india –4
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